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Summary Information About Zonguldak

Zonguldak Province is a province along the western Black Sea coast region of Turkey. Its adjacent provinces are Düzce to the southwest, Bolu to the south, Karabük to the southeast, and Bartın to the east. The capital is Zonguldak. It was established in 1849 as a port town for the nearby coal mines in Ereğli and the coal trade remains its main economic activity

Since the discovery of coal in the province, Zonguldak has become a major coal production center.

 

Zonguldak has a humid subtropical climate. Summers are warm, the average temperature is around 23 °C in July and August. Winters are cool, the average temperature is around 6 °C in January and February. Precipitation is frequent, especially in the colder months, while it is generally heaviest in autumn and early winter, lightest (although still frequent) in spring.

 

The water temperature is always quite mild and fluctuates between 8° C and 20 °C throughout the year.

Population

589684

Area

3481.00 km 2

Location

Districts

7

Municipalities

25

Towns

17

Villages

380

History of Zonguldak

Coal mining: The discovery of coal in the Ereğli (Heraclea) region (known today as the Zonguldak basin) dates back to the reign of Sultan Mahmud II, and its extraction to Sultan Abdülmecid’s reign.

 

The first specimen of Turkish coal was brought from Ereğli to Istanbul in 1822, but nothing was done for exploration and exploitation of this coal. However, in 1829, another specimen of coal was brought to Istanbul by Uzun (Long) Mehmet, a sailor and native of the village of Kestaneci, near Ereğli. This time attention was given to the discovery and the sailor received a reward of a life pension, but before he could benefit from this reward he was murdered.

 

The first miners requested and delivered from the Austrian Government are the Austrian Croats known to have been employed in the Ereğli Coal Mines. The correspondence between Istanbul and the embassy in Vienna show that coal production in the Ereğli Basin predates the March 1837 request by 18 months and that production started around September 1835

 

An investigation of Hazine-i Hassa (Ottoman Imperial Treasury Department) records in the Ottoman archives shows that regular mining activities in the Ereğli Basin started in February 1841. This is confirmed by a newspaper article published in the 14 February 1841 issue of Ceride-i Havadis.

 

Ereğli Coal Company, chartered by six partners (Ahmed Fethi Pasha, Rıza Pasha, Safveti Pasha, Tahir Bey Efendi, Izzet Pasha and Mustafa Efendi), excavated the coal in the Ereğli Coal Basin, initially under the auspices of Darphane-i Amire and later transferred to Hazine-i Hassa when the latter was established in 1849

 

The port city of Zonguldak suffered a heavy bombardment by the Russians during World War I, according to the caption of a Lubok popular print.

 

As of 1920, the port was under the control of the Heraclea Coal Company. The northern part of the bay featured a man-made harbor, for steamship use. At that time, they had two cranes which distributed coal to exporting vessels

Districts of Zonguldak

  • Alaplı
  • Çaycuma
  • Devrek
  • Ereğli (Heraclea Pontica)
  • Kilimli
  • Kozlu
  • Gökçebey

Point of Interests in Zonguldak

  • Current coal mining/extraction zones of Zonguldak province/region:

Armutçuk (Ereğli), Kozlu (Kozlu), Üzülmez (Zonguldak), Çaydamar (Zonguldak), Baştarla (Zonguldak), Kilimli (Kilimli), Karadon (Kilimli-Çatalağzı), Gelik (Çatalağzı), Amasra (Amasra, Bartın Province)

  • Coal washing/treatment plants: Zonguldak and Çatalağzı Coal Treatment Plants.
  • Coal transport (delivery and import)
    • Ports: Zonguldak Sea Port (transport to Ereğli and Istanbul direction), Amasra Port, Ereğli Port
    • Other usable port for mine transport: Bartın Port (coal, cement etc.)
    • Railway: Zonguldak-Ankara Railway (transport to Karabük and Ankara direction)
  • Thermic power plants: Çatalağzı Thermoelectric Power Plant units (use coal powder), in Işıkveren ward.
  • Iron-steel plants: Ereğli (Erdemir) Iron and Steel Works, Karabük (Kardemir, Karabük province) Iron and Steel Works.
  • Average heat capacity of Zonguldak coals: 7000 kcal/kg.

Let's see the cuisine of Zonguldak

  • BEYAZ BAKLAVA
  • ÇÜKÜNDÜR MANCARI
  • KARTLAÇ
  • MISIR ÇORBASI
  • HÜPPÜLU TATLISI
  • TENEKEDE TAVUK
  • KAVSAK FASULYE
  • CEVIZLI KÖMEÇ
  • PIRASA DOLMASI
  • ÇOPELE
  • SÜTLU ARMUT
  • PIRASA ÇORBASI

For more information about Zonguldak

https://www.kulturportali.gov.tr/turkiye/zonguldak/genelbilgiler

 

For more information, you may visit the official government website of VAN

http://www.zonguldak.gov.tr/sehrimiz

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