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Summary Information About Sivas

Sivas Province (Turkish: Sivas ili) is a province of Turkey. It is largely located at the eastern part of the Central Anatolia region of Turkey; it is the second largest province in Turkey by territory. Its adjacent provinces are Yozgat to the west, Kayseri to the southwest, Kahramanmaraş to the south, Malatya to the southeast, Erzincan to the east, Giresun to the northeast, and Ordu to the north. Its capital is Sivas.

The city, which lies at an elevation of 1,278 metres (4,193 ft) in the broad valley of the Kızılırmak river, is a moderately-sized trade centre and industrial city, although the economy has traditionally been based on agriculture. Rail repair shops and a thriving manufacturing industry of rugs, bricks, cement, and cotton and woolen textiles form the mainstays of the city’s economy. The surrounding region is a cereal-producing area with large deposits of iron ore which are worked at Divriği.

Sivas is also a communications hub for the north–south and east–west trade routes to Iraq and Iran, respectively. With the development of railways, the city gained new economic importance as junction of important rail lines linking the cities of Ankara, Kayseri, Samsun, and Erzurum. The city is linked by air to Istanbul. The popular name Sebastian derives from Sebastianòs, Σεβαστιανός, meaning someone from the city.

Most of Sivas Province has the typical continental climate of the Central Anatolian Region, in which summer months are hot and dry, while winter months are cold and snowy. However, the northern part of the province shows some features of the oceanic/humid subtropical Black Sea climate, while the eastern portion has influences of the Eastern Anatolian highland climate.

This province is noted for its thermal springs.

Population

636121

Area

28488,00 km 2

Location

Districts

16

Municipalities

24

Towns

7

Villages

1234

History of Sivas

The route of the Silk Road and the Persian Royal Road run through Sivas.

 

According to the written historical sources, the region of Sivas province was first inhabited during the period of the Hittite civilization by the beginning of 2000 BC and became an important settlement. The region then encountered the reign of Armenian, Roman, Byzantine, Seljukian, and Ottoman civilizations.

 

The city was acquired by Ottoman Sultan Bayezid I (1389–1402). In 1398, Tamerlane swept into the area and his forces destroyed the city in 1400, after which it was recaptured by the Ottomans in 1408. Under the Ottomans, Sivas served as the administrative center of the Eyalet of Rum until about the late 19th century. The Armenian Apostolic Church maintained six Armenian churches in Sivas, being the Meryemana, Surp Sarkis, Surp Minas, Surp Prgitsh, Surp Hagop, and Surp Kevork; four monasteries, Surp Nschan, Surp Hreshdagabed, Surp Anabad, and Surp Hntragadar; an Armenian Apostolic orphanage, and several schools. The Armenian Catholic Church and the Latins also had one church and a metropolitan of Sebastea, as did the Greek Orthodox Church.

Two Protestant churches and eight, mostly German- and American-staffed, schools. During the genocide against Armenians as well as against Greek Christians from July 5, 1915 onwards, the Christian community of Sivas was exterminated by deportations and mass executions.

The foundations of the modern Turkish Republic were laid in the Sivas Congress assembled on 4 September 1919, during the presidency of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, thus making the province of Sivas important to the history of the Turkish nation.

Districts of Sivas

  • Akıncılar
  • Altınyayla
  • Divriği
  • Doğanşar
  • Gemerek
  • Gölova
  • Gürün
  • Hafik
  • İmranlı
  • Kangal
  • Koyulhisar
  • Şarkışla
  • Suşehri
  • Ulaş
  • Yıldızeli
  • Zara

Point of Interests in Sivas

Historically, the province produced alum, copper, silver, iron, coal, asbestos, arsenic, and salt.

Sivas city was known for producing cereal.

A cultural hub as well as an industrial one, Sivas contains many examples of 12th and 13th-century Seljuk architecture. The Great Mosque (Ulu Cami) of Sivas was first built in 1197. The Sifaiye Medresesi was completed in 1217–1218 and served as a darüşşifa (hospital and medical school). It has a four-iwan layout typical of Seljuk madrasas and is fronted by an elaborately-carved entrance portal. It also contains the tomb of its founder, the Seljuk sultan Izz al-Din Kayka’us I (d. 1220). In 1271–1272, when the city was under Ilkhanid influence, three different madrasas were built by competing patrons: the Buruciye Medrese, the Çifte Minare Medresesi, and the Gök Medrese (“Blue Madrasa”; depicted on the obverse of the Turkish 500 lira banknote of 1927–1939). All three have elaborate entrance portals.

 

The city also contains some fine examples of the Ottoman architectural style. The most prominent example of Ottoman architecture in the city is the Kale Camii (“Citadel Mosque”), built in 1580 by Mehmet Pasha, an Ottoman vizier. Kurşunlu Hamamı (“Leaden Bath”) which was completed in 1576, is the largest historic bathhouse in the city and it contains many details from the classical Ottoman bath building. Behrampaşa Hanı (a caravanserai), was completed in 1573 and it is famous for the lion motifs around its windows.

Let's see the cuisine of Sivas

  • SIVAS KÖFTESI
  • ÜZÜMLÜ ÇORBA
  • PESKÜTAN ÇORBASI
  • MADIMAK YEMEGI
  • PANCAR SARMASI
  • YUMURTA ERISTESI PILAVI
  • KARAS
  • SEBSELI SIVAS KEBABI
  • KATIKLI ÇORBA
  • HURMA TATLISI
  • PEHLI

For more information about Sivas

https://www.kulturportali.gov.tr/turkiye/sivas/genelbilgiler

 

For more information, you may visit the official government website of SIVAS

http://www.sivas.gov.tr/

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