Summary Information About Siirt

Siirt Province,  is a province of Turkey, located in the southeast. The province borders Bitlis to the north, Batman to the west, Mardin to the southwest, Şırnak to the south, and Van to the east. The provincial capital is the city of Siirt. The province is considered part of Turkish Kurdistan and has a Kurdish majority.


Siirt has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate with very hot, dry summers and chilly, wet winters. During winter months there is frequent frost and occasional snowfall.


Siirt was Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s constituency from 2003 to 2007. His wife, Mrs. Emine Erdoğan, is from Siirt and the PM had been elected to the Turkish Grand National Assembly in a by-election held in Siirt in 2003.


Although Siirt remains one of the poorer cities in Turkey, some neighborhoods have fine and modern housing including new shops, banks and hotels





5406.00 km 2










History of Siirt

The Hurrians first settled in the region some four thousand years ago. Later, Hurrian-speaking people founded the Kingdom of Mitanni that also encompassed the area of Siirt Province and lasted from around 1500 BCE to 1300 BCE.


Previously known as Saird, in pre-Islamic times Siirt was a diocese of the Eastern Orthodox Church. In the medieval times, Arzan was the main city and it competed with Hasankeyf over the control the region, Siirt was only to become a center of the region in the 14th century. But it was still dependent from Hasankeyf until the 17th century. An illuminated manuscript known as the Syriac Bible of Paris may have originated from the Bishop of Siirt’s library, Siirt’s Christians would worshipped in Syriac, a liturgical language descended from Aramaic still in use by the Chaldean Rite, other Eastern Christians in India, and the Nestorians along the Silk Road as far as China. The Chronicle of Seert was preserved in the city; it describes the ecclesiastical history of the Persian realm through the middle of the seventh century. From 1858 to 1915 the city was the seat of a bishop of the Chaldean Catholic Church. Most of the city’s Assyrians, including Addai Scher their archbishop were killed during the Assyrian genocide along with the loss of the Syriac manuscript of Theodore of Mopsuestia’s De Incarnatione. During World War I, the Armenian population of Siirt became a victim of the Armenian genocide.

Districts of Siirt

  • Baykan
  • Eruh
  • Kurtalan
  • Pervari
  • Şirvan
  • Tillo

Point of Interests in Siirt

Siirt Pistachio is grown in Siirt province and its surroundings. Compared to other pistachio species grown in the region, Siirt pistachio is different from the others both physically and in terms of taste. What makes Siirt pistachios so delicious and privileged is the climate of the Siirt region. Pistachio generally likes hot climate. Siirt’s climate is hotter and drier than other provinces. Since the amount of humidity is very low in Siirt compared to other provinces, the desired environment for Siirt pistachios is created. Siirt pistachio currently constitutes the dynamics of the region economically


he city’s landmark is the Great Mosque (Ulu Cami) built in 1129 by the Great Seljuk Sultan Mahmut II who belonged to the main branch of the dynasty that ruled from Baghdad after this Turkish Empire had split into several branches. The mosque was restored in 1965.

Let's see the cuisine of Siirt


For more information about Siirt




For more information, you may visit the official government website of SIIRT


See the other cities of Turkey


Bayburt Province is a province of Turkey. Located in the Northeast Anatolia region of the country, the capital city is

Learn More »


Kırşehir Province  is located in central Turkey, forming part of the central Anatolian region. It stands on the North Anatolian

Learn More »


Bitlis Province is a province of eastern Turkey, located to the west of Lake Van. The province is considered part

Learn More »


Muğla Province is a province of Turkey, at the country’s south-western corner, on the Aegean Sea. Its seat is Muğla,

Learn More »
No more posts to show
Sign up now
and get a free copy
of our Investment Guide.
Sign up now and get a free copy of our Investment Guide.

©2022, ZEEDEED­­™ is a protected trademark. All rights reserved.