Summary Information About Samsun

Samsun Province is a province of Turkey on the Black Sea coast. Its adjacent provinces are Sinop on the northwest, Çorum on the west, Amasya on the south, Tokat on the southeast on the east.


The provincial capital is Samsun, one of the most populated cities in Turkey. historically known as Sampsounta (Greek: Σαμψούντα), is a city on the north coast of Turkey, a major Black Sea port.


The growing city has two universities, several hospitals, shopping malls, much light manufacturing industry, sports facilities and an opera.

A formerly Greek settlement, the city was where Mustafa Kemal Atatürk began the Turkish War of Independence in 1919.


Samsun is a long city which extends along the coast between two river deltas which jut into the Black Sea. It is located at the end of an ancient route from Cappadocia: the Amisos of antiquity lay on the headland northwest of the modern city center.

The city is growing fast: land has been reclaimed from the sea and many more apartment blocks and shopping malls are currently being built. Industry is tending to move (or be moved) east, further away from the city center and towards the airport.


Samsun has a humid subtropical climate , typical for the region, but Samsun is nevertheless drier during summer and milder during winter than most of the southern Black Sea coast.


Summers are warm, the average maximum temperature is around 27 °C (81 °F) in August. Winters are cool to mild and wet, the lowest average minimum temperature is around 4 °C (39 °F) in January.

Precipitation is heaviest in late autumn and early winter. Snow sometimes occurs between the months of December and March, but temperatures below the freezing point rarely last more than a couple of days.

The water temperature is generally mild, fluctuating between 8–20 °C (46–68 °F) throughout the year.




9579.00 km 2










History of Samsun

Samsun (then known as Amisos, Greek Αμισός, alternative spelling Amisus) was settled in about 760–750 BC by Ionians from Miletus, who established a flourishing trade relationship with the ancient peoples of Anatolia. The city’s ideal combination of fertile ground and shallow waters attracted numerous traders.


The city was captured by the Persians in 550 BC and became part of Cappadocia (satrapy)

The Romans conquered Amisus in 71 BC during the Third Mithridatic War. and Amisus became part of Bithynia et Pontus province. Around 46 BC, during the reign of Julius Caesar, Amisus became the capital of Roman Pontus


Though the roots of the city are Hellenistic, it was also one of the centers of an early Christian congregation. Its function as a commercial metropolis in northern Asia Minor was a contributing factor to enable the spread of Christian influence. As a large port city – the commercial capital of Pontus.


Samsun was part of the Seljuk Empire, the Sultanate of Rum, the Empire of Trebizond, and was one of the Genoese colonies. After the breakup of the Seljuk Empire into small principalities (beyliks) in the late 13th century, the city was ruled by one of them, the Isfendiyarids. It was captured from the Isfendiyarids at the end of the 14th century by the rival Ottoman beylik (later the Ottoman Empire) under sultan Bayezid I, but was lost again shortly afterwards.


The Ottomans permanently conquered the town in the weeks following 11 August 1420.

In the later Ottoman period, it became part of the Sanjak of Canik (Turkish: Canik Sancağı), which was at first part of the Rûm Eyalet. The land around the town mainly produced tobacco, with its own type being grown in Samsun, the Samsun-Bafra, which the British described as having “small but very aromatic leaves”, and commanding a “high price.”


Mustafa Kemal Atatürk established the Turkish national movement against the Allies in Samsun on 19 May 1919, the date which traditionally marks the beginning of the Turkish War of Independence.

Districts of Samsun

  • İlkadım
  • Canik
  • Atakum
  • Tekkeköy
  • Alaçam
  • Asarcık
  • Ayvacık
  • Bafra
  • Çarşamba
  • Havza
  • Kavak
  • Ladik
  • Ondokuzmayıs
  • Salıpazarı
  • Terme
  • Vezirköprü
  • Yakakent

Point of Interests in Samsun

To Samsun’s west, lies the Kızılırmak, one of the longest rivers in Anatolia and its fertile delta. To the east, lie the Yeşilırmak (“Green River”, the Iris of antiquity) and its delta. The River Mert reaches the sea at the city.


Samsun has a mixed economy with a cluster of medical industries:

  • Ports and shipbuilding
  • Manufacturing medical devises and products, furniture, tabbacco products, chemicals and automobile spare parts/
  • Food processing


Akdag:  at an altitude of 1800 meters, on which Ladik District leans.As the name suggests, it wears white during the winter months. Akdağ, where only the local people have been able to benefit from, has always been the center of attention. The suitable ground of the highland, which became famous mostly with the highland festivals held in the summer months, attracted the attention of many grass skiing enthusiasts, and later hosted many organizations for this purpose. After the 1500-meter-long chairlift and accommodation investments made in the past years, the region has also become suitable for winter tourism and has gained the identity of a touristic ski resort.


Amazon village: Between the years 3,000 and 2,000 BC, the Amazons, who founded cities-states and continued their lives in a matriarchal way, also lived in Terme for a while. An Amazon Village was created in Ilkadım Batıpark in their memory and a visit was opened by placing wax statues reflecting the daily life of these brave, brave and warrior women.

Let's see the cuisine of Samsun



For more information about Samsun



For more information, you may visit the official government website of SAMSUN


See the other cities of Turkey


Gümüşhane Province is a province in northern Turkey, bordering Bayburt to the east, Trabzon to the north, Giresun and Erzincan

Learn More »


Eskişehir Province is a province in northwestern Turkey. Its adjacent provinces are Bilecik to the northwest, Kütahya to the west,

Learn More »


Iğdır Province is a province in eastern Turkey, located along the borders with Armenia, Azerbaijan (the area of Nakhchivan Autonomous

Learn More »


Hatay Province is the southernmost province of Turkey. It is situated almost entirely outside Anatolia, along the eastern coast of

Learn More »
No more posts to show
Sign up now
and get a free copy
of our Investment Guide.
Sign up now and get a free copy of our Investment Guide.

©2022, ZEEDEED­­™ is a protected trademark. All rights reserved.