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Summary Information About Rize

Rize Province is a province of northeast Turkey, on the eastern Black Sea coast between Trabzon and Artvin. The province of Erzurum is to the south. It was formerly known as Lazistan, the designation of the term of Lazistan was officially banned in 1926, by patriots. The capital is the city of Rize.

 

The province is home to Laz, Hemshin, Turkish people and Georgian communities. Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdoğan spent his early childhood in Rize, where his father was a member of the Turkish Coast Guard, and from which both of Erdogan’s parents come from

 

Rize is located between the Pontic Mountains and the Black Sea. It is considered to be the “wettest” corner of Turkey and is the country’s main tea producing region. In addition to tea, the region is also known for growing kiwi fruit. The province is largely rural and very scenic, containing many mountain valleys and elevated yaylas (meadows

 

The new Black Sea coast road has made Rize more accessible, but has drawn criticism for its negative effect on the region’s wildlife. Since the early 2000s, Rize has seen an increase in visitors from outside the province, particularly tourist from urban areas. This increase in tourism has raised concerns among locals that the traditional way of life and the unblemished character of the natural surroundings is being endangered. The provincial governor, Enver Salihoglu (as of 2005) has stated his opposition to the expansion of the road network and has advocated a commercial focus on beekeeping, trout farming, and the growing of organic teas.

 

Native plants include the Cherry Laurel (Turkish: taflan or karayemiş), the fruit of which is an edible small dark plum that leaves a dark stain on the mouth and teeth. In addition, the Bilberry, which are now being actively cultivated, can be found growing the region. Rize is traversed by the northeasterly line of equal latitude and longitude.

 

The region’s climate is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is Cfa (Humid Subtropical Climate)

Population

345662

Area

3920.00 km 2

Location

Districts

11th

Municipalities

18

Towns

6

Villages

346

History of Rize

The first written mention of Rize is made by Arrian in a work named Periplus of the Euxine Sea, as a city founded at the mouth of the homonymous river (the ancient and Byzantine)

 

Dated at 130–131AD and written as a letter to Roman Emperor Hadrian, the work records how its author, the governor of Cappadocia, inspected tour of the Eastern Black Sea territories that were part of his jurisdiction, first visiting the Roman Empire’s Eastern Anatolian frontier garrisons before pushing on to the Black Sea coast in the Trabzon (Trebizond) region. The city of Rize formed part of historic Georgian province of Chaneti

 

From 1547, Chaneti province was incorporated by the Ottoman Empire and became a part of the sancak of Lazistan. The city was claimed by the short-lived Democratic Republic of Georgia between 1918 and 1920. Based on the 1921 Treaty of Kars, Soviet Russia granted Rize to Turkey just as the other territories of Artvin, Ardahan, and Hopa

Districts of Rize

  • Ardeşen
  • Çamlıhemşin
  • Çayeli
  • Derepazarı
  • Fındıklı
  • Güneysu
  • Hemşin
  • İkizdere
  • İyidere
  • Kalkandere
  • Pazar

Point of Interests in Rize

Rize offers a rich variety of traditional handicrafts and handmade souvenirs to visitors. Some of them include: copper works, wicker baskets, butter churns, woven socks, shoulder bags, and spoon made of boxwood. Linen of Rize  is a handwoven textile and is often used as part of the under layer of a dress. Kemençe is a traditional 3-stringed string instrument which is made in this province.

 

Folk dancers perform horon energetically when it is accompanied by kemenche. However this folk dance can also be accompanied by Tulum or kaval. Folk dancers wear traditional costumes while performing horon. Men wear shirt, vest, jacket, zipka (pants made of wool and gathered at knees) and black boots. On their jackets are silver embroideries, amulets, and hemayils with religion expressions put inside these small silver containers to br protected against evil’s eye. On the other hand, women dancers wear colorful dresses and traditional hand painted head scarves including various motifs

 

The province of Rize has prided itself of being the largest tea producer within Turkey. In 2021, the Rize Commerce Exchange started the construction of a seven-floor building in the shape of the traditional tulip-shaped tea glasses called ince belli, in hopes to boost local tourism

Let's see the cuisine of Rize

  • Hamsikoli
  • HAMSILI PILAV
  • PEPEÇURA
  • KARALAHNA ÇORBASI
  • KOCAKARI GERDANI
  • KABAK SUTLACI
  • LAZ BOREGI
  • PEKMEZLI KABAK
  • HAMSI ÇIGIRTASI
  • ASURE

For more information about Rize

https://www.kulturportali.gov.tr/turkiye/rize/genelbilgiler

 

For more information, you may visit the official government website of RIZE

http://www.rize.gov.tr/ilcelerimiz

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