Osmaniye Province is a Turkish province located in southern Turkey. It was named Cebel-i Bereket (lit. ’Fertile Mountain’) in the early republic until 1933, when it was incorporated into Adana Province. It was made a province again in 1996. The province is situated in Çukurova, a geographical, economical and cultural region.
The capital of the province is Osmaniye. Located on the eastern edge of the Çukurova plain in the foothills of the Nur Mountains, the gateway between Anatolia and the Middle East,
Osmaniye is a country town, the centre of a rich agricultural region well watered by the Ceyhan river system and well known for growing peanuts. There is plenty of forest too and much of the surrounding countryside is very attractive. However, the town was made a provincial capital in 1996 and as such is now receiving some investment in infrastructure, and beginning to feel more like a city then a rural market town. There is a ring road, and taller buildings.
In summer the weather is very hot, and most residents of Osmaniye try to escape either to the nearby Mediterranean coast or up into the Nur mountains. The plateau of Zorkun is a popular mountain retreat in summertime. There are also 2 Roman cities remaining, consisting of roads and antique theater, called Hieropolis and Kastabala. The city is only 25 km from the Mediterranean coast of Dörtyol.