Summary Information About Osmaniye

Osmaniye Province  is a Turkish province located in southern Turkey. It was named Cebel-i Bereket (lit. ’Fertile Mountain’) in the early republic until 1933, when it was incorporated into Adana Province. It was made a province again in 1996. The province is situated in Çukurova, a geographical, economical and cultural region.


The capital of the province is Osmaniye. Located on the eastern edge of the Çukurova plain in the foothills of the Nur Mountains, the gateway between Anatolia and the Middle East,


Osmaniye is a country town, the centre of a rich agricultural region well watered by the Ceyhan river system and well known for growing peanuts. There is plenty of forest too and much of the surrounding countryside is very attractive. However, the town was made a provincial capital in 1996 and as such is now receiving some investment in infrastructure, and beginning to feel more like a city then a rural market town. There is a ring road, and taller buildings.


In summer the weather is very hot, and most residents of Osmaniye try to escape either to the nearby Mediterranean coast or up into the Nur mountains. The plateau of Zorkun is a popular mountain retreat in summertime. There are also 2 Roman cities remaining, consisting of roads and antique theater, called Hieropolis and Kastabala. The city is only 25 km from the Mediterranean coast of Dörtyol.




3223,00 km 2










History of Osmaniye

Osmaniye is on the Silk Road, a place of strategic importance and has been a settlement for various civilizations including the Hittites, Persians, Eastern Romans and Armenians.


The Islamic presence in the area was first established by the Abbasid Caliph Harun Rashid, auxiliaries in his army being the first Turks to fight in Anatolia. They obviously took a shine to the place and following the Turkish victory over the Byzantines at Malazgirt in 1071 waves of Turkish conquest began. The Nur Mountains were settled by the Ulaşlı tribe of the Turkmens.


In the 19th century the Ottoman Empire began to lose its central authority. During this period, the Governor of Egypt Kavalalı Mehmet Ali Pasha, the Ottoman Sultan II. He prevailed in the struggle he started against Mahmut, and the Çukurova lands were left to İbrahim Pasha, the son of Mehmet Ali Pasha. (1833–1840). With the Treaty of London signed in 1840, the region came under Ottoman rule again. The urban history of Osmaniye begins after 1865.

Districts of Osmaniye

  • Bahçe
  • Düziçi
  • Hasanbeyli
  • Kadirli
  • Sumbas
  • Toprakkale

Point of Interests in Osmaniye

Kastabala-Hierapolis is located in southeast Anatolia, 12 kilometers north-northwest of Osmaniye, on the Cevdetiye Beldesi-Karatepe Museum road, in the middle of the Kestabun, Bahçe and Kazmaca villages. The city is in a position overlooking a small plain near the Ceyhan (Pyramos) River . The surface finds obtained from the Cilicia Region , where Kastabala is located, have been dated to different periods between the 2nd 1000 BC and the Roman Imperial-Late Roman Periods . However, Kastabala’s 1st 1000 BC Roman Imperial period archeology has not been sufficiently investigated yet.


Karatepe Aslantaş Open Air Museum It is a place built as a border castle against attacks from the north by Asativata , who introduced himself as the ruler of the region in the 8th century BC, which coincides with the Late Hittite period .

Let's see the cuisine of Osmaniye



For more information about Osmaniye



For more information, you may visit the official government website of OSMANIYE


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