Summary Information About Nevşehir

Nevşehir Province (meaning “new city”) is a province in central Turkey with its capital in Nevşehir. Its adjacent provinces are Kırşehir to the northwest, Aksaray to the southwest, Niğde to the south, Kayseri to the southeast, and Yozgat to the northeast. Nevşehir includes the area called Cappadocia – a tourist attraction in Turkey. The town of Göreme is also located in Nevşehir.


Cappadocia once included the area now covered by this province. This province is notable for the fairy chimneys of Göreme, the Ortahisar (middle fortress), a number of old churches from the Byzantine period.


The city of nevsehir is located at a distance of 290 km (180 mi) from the capital Ankara, and is within the historical region of Cappadocia.


The traditional main sources of income of the city, carpet weaving and viticulture, have been overtaken by tourism, because of its proximity to the underground shelters, the fairy chimneys, monasteries, caravanserais and the famous rock-hewn churches of Göreme.


Nevşehir has a continental climate , with cold, snowy winters and warm, dry summers. Rainfall occurs throughout the year, with a slight peak in spring.




5467.00 km 2










History of Nevşehir

A settlement was founded on the slopes of Mount Kahveci in the valley of Kızılırmak (the ancient Halys) by the Hittites. The town along with the region came under the rule of the Assyrian Empire around the 8th century BC; it was subsequently ruled by the Medes and then by the Persians in the reign of emperor Cyrus the Great in 546 BC. In 333 BC, Alexander the Great defeated the Persians. After his death, Cappadocia came under the rule of the dynasty of Ariarathes with Mazaka (present-day Kayseri) as capital. The Cappadocian kingdom became part -as province- of the Roman empire in the reign of Emperor Tiberius. It was a probable seat of the bishopric of Nyssa (Cappadocia), but that may rather be Harmandalı, Ortaköy.


The underground shelters around Nevşehir and Göreme were originally built to escape persecution by the pagan Roman authorities. Many of the churches, hewn in the rocks, date from these early years of Christianity. Even when Theodosius I made Christianity the official religion of the empire, the caves offered protection for the local people during raids by the Sassanid Persians circa AD 604 and by the Islamic Caliphate from AD 647 onwards. When Iconoclasm became state policy in the Byzantine empire, again the caves of Nevşehir became shelters for those escaping persecution.


At the Battle of Manzikert (present-day Malazgirt) in AD 1071, the Byzantine emperor Romanos IV was defeated by the Seljuk Sultan Alp Arslan. This led to the occupation of Anatolia by the Seljuks by 1074 and Nevşehir along with the rest of the region became part of the Seljuk Sultanate of Rum, then under the rule of the Karamanid dynasty in 1328 and finally under rule of the Ottoman Empire around 1487 AD and was renamed “Muşkara”. It remained a relatively insignificant settlement until the early 18th century.


The present-day city owes its foundation to the grand vizier and son-in-law of the Sultan Ahmed III, Nevşehirli Damat İbrahim Pasha who was born in Muşkara and therefore took a great interest in its construction as a city. The small village with only 18 houses, formerly under the administration of the kaza of Ürgüp, was rapidly transformed with the building of mosques (the Kurṣunlu Mosque), fountains, schools, soup kitchens, inns and bath houses, and its name was changed from Muşkara to “Nevşehir” (meaning New City in Persian and Ottoman Turkish).


According to the Convention Concerning the Exchange of Greek and Turkish Populations in 1923, Turkish speaking Orthodox community (Karamanlis) of Nevşehir has been exchanged by the Muslims from Osheni, Shak and Revani villages of Kesriye in Ottoman times (today’s villages of Kastoria, Western Macedonia, Greece)

Districts of Nevşehir

  • Acıgöl
  • Avanos
  • Derinkuyu
  • Gülşehir
  • Hacıbektaş
  • Kozaklı
  • Ürgüp

Point of Interests in Nevşehir

An approximately 5,000-year-old three-story underground town which referred as “Gir-Gör” (Enter and See) by locals was revealed in Avanos in 2019. The five-kilometer-long city consisted of three floors, homes, tunnels, places of worship and a small human figurine. According to the locals, site was considered a source of “healing water” and “Caesar’s bath


Let's see the cuisine of Nevşehir

  • Testi Kebabi
  • Tandir Fasulyesi
  • Nevsehir Mantisi
  • Ayva Dolmasi
  • DUGU Corbasi
  • Dolaz
  • Kayisi Yahnidi
  • Gendirme Yemegi
  • Nohutlu Yahni
  • Zerde Pilav
  • Aside
  • Zerde Tatlisi


For more information about Nevşehir



For more information, you may visit the official government website of NEVSEHIR


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