Mardin Province, is a province of Turkey. Kurds form the majority of the population, followed closely by Arabs who represent 20% of the province’s population. Mardin Province is considered part of Turkish Kurdistanand is predominantly populated by Kurds and Arabs who both adhere to the Shafiʽi school of Islam. There is also a small Assyrian Christian population left. A recent study from 2013 has shown that 20% of Mardin Province’s population identify as Arabs, and this proportion increases to 35% in the city of Mardin and 38% in Midyat, where Arabs form the majority.
The capital of the province is Mardin City. it is known for the Artuqid architecture of its old city, and for its strategic location on a rocky hill near the Tigris River that rises steeply over the flat plains. The old town of Mardin city is under the protection of UNESCO, which forbids new constructions to preserve its façade.
The city is located near the Syrian border and is the center of Mardin province. The old city is built mostly on the southern slope of a long hill topped by a rocky ridge. The slope descends towards the Mesopotamian plain. The top of the ridge is occupied by the city’s historic citadel.The newer parts of the city are located on lower ground to the northwest and in the surrounding area and feature modern amenities and institutions.
Mardin Airport is located to the southwest, 20 kilometres (12 mi) from the old town
Mardin has often been considered an open-air museum due to its historical architecture. Most buildings use the beige colored limestone rock which has been mined for centuries in quarries around the area.
Mardin has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate with very hot, dry summers and chilly, wet, and occasionally snowy winters. Mardin is very sunny, with over 3000 hours of sun per year. While temperatures in summer can easily reach 40 °C (104 °F), because of its continental nature, wintry weather is still somewhat common between the months of December and March, and it usually snows for a week or two. The highest recorded temperature is 42.5 °C (108.5 °F).