Summary Information About Mardin

Mardin Province, is a province of Turkey. Kurds form the majority of the population, followed closely by Arabs who represent 20% of the province’s population. Mardin Province is considered part of Turkish Kurdistanand is predominantly populated by Kurds and Arabs who both adhere to the Shafiʽi school of Islam. There is also a small Assyrian Christian population left. A recent study from 2013 has shown that 20% of Mardin Province’s population identify as Arabs, and this proportion increases to 35% in the city of Mardin and 38% in Midyat, where Arabs form the majority.


The capital of the province is Mardin City. it is known for the Artuqid architecture of its old city, and for its strategic location on a rocky hill near the Tigris River that rises steeply over the flat plains. The old town of Mardin city is under the protection of UNESCO, which forbids new constructions to preserve its façade.

The city is located near the Syrian border and is the center of Mardin province. The old city is built mostly on the southern slope of a long hill topped by a rocky ridge. The slope descends towards the Mesopotamian plain. The top of the ridge is occupied by the city’s historic citadel.The newer parts of the city are located on lower ground to the northwest and in the surrounding area and feature modern amenities and institutions.

Mardin Airport is located to the southwest, 20 kilometres (12 mi) from the old town


Mardin has often been considered an open-air museum due to its historical architecture. Most buildings use the beige colored limestone rock which has been mined for centuries in quarries around the area.


Mardin has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate  with very hot, dry summers and chilly, wet, and occasionally snowy winters. Mardin is very sunny, with over 3000 hours of sun per year. While temperatures in summer can easily reach 40 °C (104 °F), because of its continental nature, wintry weather is still somewhat common between the months of December and March, and it usually snows for a week or two. The highest recorded temperature is 42.5 °C (108.5 °F).




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History of Mardin

Mardin comes from the Syriac word (ܡܪܕܐ) and means “fortresses”.


The first known civilization were the Subarian-Hurrians who were then succeeded in 3000 BCE by the Hurrians. The Elamites gained control around 2230 BCE and were followed by the Babylonians, Hittites, Assyrians, Romans and Byzantines.


The local Assyrians/Syriacs, while reduced due to the Assyrian genocide and conflicts between the Kurds and Turks, hold on to two of the oldest monasteries in the world, Dayro d-Mor Hananyo (Turkish Deyrülzafaran, English Saffron Monastery) and Deyrulumur Monastery. The Christian community is concentrated on the Tur Abdin plateau and in the town of Midyat, with a smaller community (approximately 200) in the provincial capital. After the foundation of Turkey, the province has been a target of a Turkification policy, removing most traces of a non-turkish heritage


In 1927 the office of the Inspector general was created, which governed with martial law. The province was included in the First Inspectorate-General over which the Inspector General ruled. The Inspectorate-General span over the provinces of Hakkâri, Siirt, Van, Mardin, Bitlis, Sanlıurfa, Elaziğ and Diyarbakır. The Inspectorate General were dissolved in 1952 during the Government of the Democrat Party. The Mardin province was also included in a wider military zone in 1928, in which the entrance to the zone was forbidden for foreigners until 1965.

Districts of Mardin

  • Dargeçit
  • Derik
  • Kızıltepe
  • Mazıdağı
  • Midyat
  • Nusaybin
  • Ömerli
  • Savur
  • Yeşilli

Point of Interests in Mardin

Houses in Mardin tend to have multiple levels and terraces to accommodate their sloping site, giving the old city its “stepped” appearance from afar. They are typically centered around an internal courtyard, similar to other houses in the region. Larger houses, as well as other public buildings, tend to have stone-carved decoration around their windows. The courtyard of larger houses is often on the lower level, while the upper levels “step back” from this courtyard, giving the house an appearance similar to “grand staircase” when seen from the courtyard.


Citadel: The citadel occupies a long ridge at the city’s highest point. It was probably first built under the Hamdanids (10th century), but its present walls were likely rebuilt in the Akkoyonlu and Ottoman eras, possibly with some reuse of Artuqid materials. Up until the 19th century it was densely inhabited, but is now occupied by a military radar station. The interior includes the remains of a small mosque.

Mardin Museum: an archeological museum dedicated to the city’s history, opened in 2000, housed in the former Syriac Catholic Patriarchate building constructed in 1895, next to the Meryem Ana Church


In the first Turkish census in 1927, Kurdish and Arabic were the first language for 60.9% and 28.7% of the population, respectively. Turkish stood as the third largest language at 6.6%. In the 1935 census, Kurdish and Arabic remained the two most spoken languages for 63.8% and 24.9% of the population, respectively. Turkish remained as the third largest language at 6.9%.In the 1945 census, Kurdish stood at 66.4%, Arabic at 24.1% and Turkish at 5.6%. In 1950, the numbers were 66.3%, 23.1% and 7.5% for Kurdish, Arabic and Turkish, respectively. The same numbers were 65.8%, 16.5% and 12.9% in 1955, and 66.4%, 20.9% and 8.6% in 1960. In the last Turkish census in 1965, Kurdish remained the largest language spoken by 71% of the population, while Arabic remained the second largest language at 20% and Turkish stood at 8.9%.

Let's see the cuisine of Mardin

  • IROK
  • KIBE
  • TAVA

For more information about Mardin



For more information, you may visit the official government website of MARDIN


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