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Summary Information About Kocaeli

Kocaeli Province is a province of Turkey and one of only three not to have the same official name as its capital, İzmit, which is thus also sometimes called Kocaeli. The province is the successor of the Ottoman-era Sanjak of Kocaeli.

The largest towns in the province are İzmit and Gebze. The province is located at the easternmost end of the Sea of Marmara around the Gulf of İzmit. Kocaeli is bordered by the province of Istanbul and the Marmara Sea to the west, the Black Sea to the north, the province of Sakarya to the east, the province of Bursa to the south and the province of Yalova to the southwest. The metropolitan area of Istanbul extends to the Kocaeli-Istanbul provincial border. The size and natural conditions of the Bay of İzmit allow for extensive port facilities, including the Gölcük Naval Base. The province is called the industrial capital of Turkey. Kocaeli has an airport named Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station which is used for military and civilian transport. Kocaeli has two universities: Kocaeli University and Gebze Technical University.

 

Kocaeli province capital’s district of İzmit. It is located at the Gulf of İzmit in the Sea of Marmara, about 100 km (62 mi) east of Istanbul, on the northwestern part of Anatolia. As of the last 31/12/2019 estimation, the city center had a population of 367,990. Kocaeli province (including rural areas) Unlike other provinces in Turkey, apart from Istanbul, the whole province is included within the municipality of the metropolitan center.

Population

2033441

Area

3505,00 km 2

Location

Districts

12

Municipalities

13

Towns

0

Villages

0

History of Kocaeli

History of Kocaeli As a result of the research, it has been revealed that people have been living in Izmit and its vicinity, which is the junction point of the world’s important roads, since approximately 3000 BC. The first evidence of Izmit, which has been inhabited until today, dates to the 12th century BC. At this time, the Phrygians held the region in their hands, and then a group of immigrants who left the Greek city of Megara to seek a new place for themselves established a city they called ASTAKOZ in the current Başiskele location. After Lysimakhos, the king of Thrace, destroyed ASTAKOZ, a new city named NICOMEDIA was established on the slopes of today’s Izmit. Nikomedes, the king of Alexander the Great, who had the city built in 262 BC, in charge of conquering Anatolia, gave the city the name of his wife. Nicomedia, the center of the rising Kingdom of Bithynia, becomes the great Hellenistic city. It was donated to the Romans in 91-94 BC. In AD 284, the emperor Diocletionus made Nicomedia the capital again. Nicomedia in his time; It is the fourth largest city in the world after Rome, Antakya and Alexandria. In the last quarter of the 11th century, Nicomedia was conquered by the Seljuks. Nicomedia, which was taken back in the First Crusade, was occupied by the Latins for a while, and then passed back to the Seljuks. In the time of Orhan Gazi, when the governor of Adapazarı and Hendek regions, Akçakoca, took the city, the city came under the rule of the Ottoman Empire. The name of this city, which was Iznikmid in the beginning, meaning the next-door neighbor of Iznik, turned into Izmit over time. Izmit, which was attached to Istanbul until 1888, became a separate city after this date. The city, which was occupied by the British and Greek forces before the War of Independence, was liberated on 28 June 1921 and became the center of Kocaeli Province after the proclamation of the Republic. With the industrial investments made in the region during the Republican period, the industrial infrastructure is completely shaped, and both state and private initiatives increase. Kocaeli, which is an advanced industrial and industrial city today; It has a railway and the most developed road network with its surroundings. In addition to this, a sea route connection has been established with Derince Port to all over the world. Kocaeli, which is a small city in terms of area, is an interesting example not only for Turkey but also for the world, both in terms of production and added value in the industrial sector and the people working in this sector. Natural beauties, beaches, plateaus.

Districts of Kocaeli

  • Derince
  • Gebze
  • Gölcük
  • İzmit
  • Kandıra
  • Karamürsel
  • Körfez
  • Kartepe
  • Başiskele
  • Çayırova
  • Dilovası
  • Darıca

Point of Interests in Kocaeli

  • SERİNDERE KANYONU
  • PEMBE KAYALAR
  • HANNİBAL ANIT MEZARI
  • SEKA PARK
  • BAYRAMOĞLU ADASI
  • YUVACIK BARAJI
  • ESKİHİSAR KALESİ
  • OSMAN HAMDİ BEY EVİ VE MÜZESİ
  • BEŞKAYALAR TABİAT PARKI-BAŞİSKELE
  • GÖLKAY PARK

Let's see the cuisine of Kocaeli

  • NAZLI (SIT FATMA DESSERT)
  • UMAÇ SOUP
  • COTTON CANDY
  • KEŞLI VILLAGE PASTA WITH WALNUT
  • CIGCELİ ROASTERS
  • KUYMAK
  • HİNDİLİ KEŞKEK
  • SİMİT DOLMASI
  • ÇALÇA ÇORBASI
  • FESLEĞENLİ ET KÖFTESİ
  • TAVUKLU KEŞKEK
  • KEŞKEKLİ KABURGA

For more information about Kocaeli

https://www.kulturportali.gov.tr/turkiye/kocaeli/genelbilgiler

 

 

For more information, you may visit the official government website of KOCAELI

http://www.kocaeli.gov.tr

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