Summary Information About Kırklareli

Kırklareli Province is a province in northwestern Turkey on the west coast of the Black Sea. The province neighbours Bulgaria to the north along a 180-kilometre (110 mi) long border. It borders the province of Edirne to the west and the province of Tekirdağ to the south and province of Istanbul to the southeast. Kırklareli is the capital city of the province. The province’s and its central city’s name mean “the land of the forties” in Turkish and it may refer either to the forty Ottoman ghazis sent by the sultan Murad I to conquer the city for the Ottoman Empire in the 14th century or to the forty churches reported to be situated in the region before the Ottoman conquest, as attested by the former name of Kırklareli. There is a memorial on a hilltop in Kırklareli city, called “Kırklar Anıtı” (the Memorial of the Forties in Turkish) to honor the Ottoman conquerors (For more on the name’s origins, see Kırklareli). The province is bisected by the Yıldız (Istranca) mountain range. The north and northeastern parts of the province are among the least populated and underdeveloped parts of Turkey. The districts to the south and west are more populated because the land is better suited for agriculture and industrial development. The north and eastern parts of the province are dominated by forests. Therefore, forestry is an important means of living in these areas. Fishing is done along the Black Sea coast.


Kırklareli is the capital of the province, but the Lüleburgaz is the largest city in the province.






6550.00 km 2










History of Kırklareli

Ongoing archeological excavations in the city support the claim that the area was the location of one of the first organized settlements on the European continent, with artifacts from the Paleolithic and Neolithic periods.


The settlement and its surrounding areas were conquered by the Persians in 513–512 BC, during the reign of King Darius I.


In 914 during the Bulgarian invasion in Adrianople led by Simeon I, the settlement was captured by the Bulgarians and was under Bulgarian rule until 1003 when it was lost to the Byzantines.

The Ottoman Turks took the city and its region from the Byzantines in 1363, during the reign of Sultan Murad I.

The city was damaged during the Greek War of Independence (1821–1829).


According to the 1878 record “Ethnography of the Wilayahs Adrianopol, Monastir and Thessaloniki” Kırk Kilise was inhabited by 6,700 Bulgarians, 2,850 Greeks, and 2,700 belonging to other ethnic groups

In 1906, the Diocese of Saranda Ekklisies was detached from the Metropolis of Adrianople and was elevated to the status of Metropolis.

According to the official Ottoman census of 1906–1907 (published in “The Ottoman Population 1830–1914: Demographic and Social Characteristics” by Kemal H. Karpat), the ethnic-religious breakdown in the Sanjak of Kırk Kilise was: 22,022 Muslims; 14,154 Greek Orthodox; 1,599 Bulgarian Orthodox; and 789 Jews.


During the Balkan Wars (1912–1913) Kırk Kilise was occupied by Bulgaria, and then by Greece in the aftermath of World War I (1914–1918) resulting in mass immigration of its Bulgarian population (there were a large number of journalists who reported on the actions at Kırk Kilise). Following the Turkish War of Independence (1919–1923) the city was retaken by the Turks on November 10, 1922. According to the 1923 population exchange agreement between Greece and Turkey, the Greeks of the city were exchanged for the Muslims (Turks, Pomaks, Karadjaovalides and Albanians) living in Greece.


Most of the inhabitants of the city are Turks who formerly lived in Thessaloniki until the First Balkan War of 1912. The Treaty of Lausanne (1923) which defines Turkey’s western border in Thrace also defined the western boundaries of the Kırklareli Province.

Districts of Kırklareli

  • Babaeski
  • Demirköy
  • Kofçaz
  • Lüleburgaz
  • Pehlivanköy
  • Pınarhisar
  • Vize

Point of Interests in Kırklareli

The province of Kırklareli is an important region for viticulture and winemaking. A syrup called “Hardaliye”, made of grape, cherry leaves and mustard seeds, is a non-alcoholic beverage special to the region.


Dupnisa Cave is a famous natural attraction and a unique geological formation within the borders of the province in the north. The 60 km long coast along the Black Sea harbors one of the most pristine and undeveloped beaches in all of Turkey. There are two Nature Reserve Areas along the coast namely Saka Gölü (Saka Lake) Nature Reserve Area to the north and Kasatura Körfezi (Kasatura Bay) Nature Reserve Area to the south. These sites are unique with their undisturbed ecosystems harboring several endangered and endemic plant and animal species.

Let's see the cuisine of Kırklareli

  • Hardaliye
  • Kirklareli köftesi
  • Kaçamak
  • Pirasa boregi
  • Bos manti
  • Kalin kiyi
  • Ispanak boregi
  • kenarlar

For more information about Kırklareli



For more information, you may visit the official government website of kirklareli



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