Kilis Province (Turkish: Kilis ili) is a province in southern Turkey, on the border with Syria. It used to be the southern part of the province of Gaziantep and was formed in 1994. The town of Kilis is home to around 67% of the inhabitants of the province; the other towns and villages are very small.
As a result of its proximity to the North Mediterranean, it is in a transition region between the Mediterranean climate and the continental climate.It is in the Northwestern part of the Mesopotamia region name as the “Fertile Crescent”, which has been a settling area since the very beginning of history.
The Öncüpınar Syrian border crossing is 5 km (3 mi) to the south and the large city of Gaziantep is 60 km (37 mi) to the north. Indeed, until 1996 Kilis was a district of Gaziantep Province, being made into a province by Tansu Çiller following an open vote-winning gambit in the 1995 general election.
Kilis is traversed by the northeasterly line of equal latitude and longitude.