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Summary Information About Kastamonu

Kastamonu Province is one of the provinces of Turkey, in the Black Sea region to the north of the country. It is surrounded by Sinop to the east, Bartın, Karabük to the west, Çankırı to the south, Çorum to the southeast and the Black Sea to the north. Kastamonu is the capital district of the Kastamonu Province.

Kastamonu has a humid continental climate (with cold winters and warm summers. Precipitation is evenly distributed throughout the year, with a noticeable increase during spring.

 

The province is mostly covered with forests, thanks to the mild Black Sea climate. Ilgaz National Park, where a micro-climate dominates due to the mountainous terrain and numerous streams, is 63 km south of the province center of Kastamonu. There is also a ski center with accommodation facilities located near the park.

Ilgaz Mountain (highest peak 2587 m) dominates the south of the province where hiking and whitewater rafting is possible at the Ilgaz Stream. The Ilgarini cave at Cide, the Alinca cave at Küre and the International Equestrian Tourism Center of Daday are other notable attractions.

Kastamonu also has many mansions, which are traditionally built with an architectural style unique to this region. Many of these mansions have been restored following a 2000 declaration by the local government to preserve the historical texture.

 

 

Population

375592

Area

13108.00 km 2

Location

Districts

19

Municipalities

20

Towns

0

Villages

1054

History of Kastamonu

It is not definitively known when Kastamonu was first founded. However, some sources dating back to the Early Middle Ages refer to the province. There are also some archeological findings that date to about 100,000 years that suggest the region was inhabited at that time.

 

With the weakening of the Macedon kings, the Paphlagonia and Bithynia regions were engulfed by the newly formed Pontus kingdom. After the fall of the Pontus kingdom in first century BC, the area was incorporated by the Roman Empire by joining Paphlagonia with Bithynia. The capital center of this new city-state was Pompeiopolis, of which the remains still stand near Tasköprü District in Kastamonu.

 

The region then fell under the hegemony of the Seljuq dynasty (11th century AD), followed by the Danishmends, the Byzantines during the crusades, Çobanoğlu and Jandarid beyliks. The Ottoman sultan Beyazid I conquered the province in 1392; however, following his capture and death in Battle of Ankara, the area was granted back to the Çandaroğlu by the Mongol warlord Timur Lenk. Ottoman sultan Mehmed II incorporated the region back into the empire in 1461.

 

During the Ottoman reign, the province boundaries were expanded up to reach Constantinople. The sultan’s heirs were often sent to rule the province as governors to gain experience.

 

After the First World War, during the battles of the Turkish War of Independence, Kastamonu played an important role in the supply of ammunition and troops to the İnebolu–Ankara front, transporting the war machines that would arrive to İnebolu by sea from Istanbul (Constantinople) and the Soviets. When the Greeks noticed this activity, the İnebolu port was bombarded from the sea on 9 June 1921.

Ibn Battuta visited the city, noting it as “one of the largest and finest cities, where commodities are abundant and prices low.” He stayed here forty days.

 

The famous Sufi saint of the city is Shaykh Shaban Wali (Şaban-ı Veli in Turkish, d. 976 AH/1569 AD).

 

The Dress Code Revolution of Kemal Atatürk started on August 23, 1925, at Kastamonu. Atatürk made his historical speech concerning the “Hat and Dress Revolution” during his visit to Kastamonu in 1925 in the Republican People’s Party building. The building is now used as the Archeological Museum of Kastamonu. The possessions used by Atatürk in his Kastamonu visit are also exhibited in the museum.

Districts of Kastamonu

  • Abana
  • Ağlı
  • Araç
  • Azdavay
  • Bozkurt
  • Çatalzeytin
  • Cide
  • Daday
  • Devrekani
  • Doğanyurt
  • Hanönü
  • İhsangazi
  • İnebolu
  • Küre
  • Pınarbaşı
  • Şenpazar
  • Seydiler
  • Taşköprü
  • Tosya

Point of Interests in Kastamonu

Underground resources include copper, mercury, iron ore, chromium, manganese, asbestos, bauxite, graphite, phosphate, kaolinite, clay, limestone, quartz, marble, magnesite, fire clay, coal and nickel. There are also some natural thermal and mineral water springs, of which a few are suitable for economic investments.

 

Handcrafts are abundant in Kastamonu, especially in rural areas. Most available are hand-woven textiles.

Several national and local annual festivities also take place in the province.

In a research conducted in the province, 812 different food are identified that are specific to the region.

The provincial soccer team Kastamonuspor competes in the Bank Asya 1st League (1st National Soccer League).

The founder of the Turkish republic, Atatürk had declared the “dress code reform”, which abolished the fez, in Kastamonu in 1925.

Let's see the cuisine of Kastamonu

  • BANDUMA
  • BIRYAN KEBABI
  • SIMIT TIRIDI
  • CIRIK TATLISI
  • ÇEKME HELVA
  • KÖLE HAMURU
  • ETLI EKMEK
  • HASUDE
  • ALA PILAV
  • OGMAÇ ÇORBASI
  • PAÇA

For more information about Kastamonu

https://www.kulturportali.gov.tr/turkiye/kastamonu/genelbilgiler

 

For more information, you may visit the official government website of KASTAMONU

http://www.kastamonu.gov.tr

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