Kars Province is a province of Turkey, located in the northeastern part of the country. It shares part of its closed border with Armenia. The provincial capital is the city of Kars. The provinces of Ardahan and Iğdır were until the 1990s parts of Kars Province.
Kars was in the ancient region known as Chorzene, in classical historiography (Strabo), part of Kingdom of Armenia (antiquity), in Ayrarat province.
The city’s name may be derived from the Armenian word, “Kaṛuts Fortress”. Another hypothesis has it that the name derives from the Georgian word (kari), meaning “the gate” as was the case for other border region strongholds.
Kars has a humid continental climate. It experiences significant seasonal and diurnal temperature variation, due to its location away from large bodies of water, its high elevation and location, where the high plateau of Eastern Anatolia converges with the Lesser Caucasus mountain range.
Summers are generally brief and quite warm with cool nights. The average high temperature in August is 27 °C (81 °F).
Winters are very cold. The average low January temperature is −15 °C (5 °F), and temperatures can plummet to −30 °C (−22 °F) during the winter months. Kars experiences frequent and sometimes heavy snowfall, with four months of snow cover on averag