Summary Information About Karaman

Karaman Province is a province of south-central Turkey. It has an area of 9,163 km2. Karaman was the location of the Karamanid Beylik, which came to an end in 1486. The capital is the city of Karaman, located in Central Anatolia, north of the Taurus Mountains, about 100 km (62 mi) south of Konya. The district covers an area of 3,686 km2 (1,423 sq mi), and the town lies at an average elevation of 1,039 m (3,409 ft). The Karaman Museum is one of the major sights.

The town owes its name to Karaman Bey who was one of the rulers of the Karamanid dynasty. The former name Laranda which in turn comes from the Luwian language Larawanda, literally “sandy, a sandy place”












History of Karaman

in ancient times Karaman was known as Laranda. In the 6th century BC it came under Achaemenid rule until 322 BC, when it was destroyed by Alexander the Great, It later became a seat of Isaurian pirates. At some point it was possessed by Antipater of Derbe. It belonged to the Roman and later Byzantine Empire until it was captured by the Seljuks in the early 12th century. Karaman was occupied by Frederick Barbarossa in 1190 and by Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia between 1211 and 1216. In 1256, the town was taken by Karamanoğlu Mehmet Bey and was renamed Karaman in his honour. From 1275, Karaman was the capital of the Karamanid beylik.


In 1468 the Karamanids were conquered by the Ottomans and in 1483 the capital of the province was moved to Konya. Karaman has retained ruins of a Karamanid castle and some walls, two mosques and a Koran school (madrasah) from that age. An exquisite mihrab from a mosque from Karaman can now be found in the Çinili Pavilion near the Archeology Museum in Istanbul. The Karamans were Cappadocian Turkomans who fought the Ottomans on the side of the Comnenes, became Christian and migrated westwards.


The Greek name Karamanlis as well as other surnames beginning with Karaman refer to this town. When Jefferson fought Libya’s Barbary Pirates, he replaced one member of the al-Qaramanli dynasty with another as Pasha.


Districts of Karaman

  • Ayrancı
  • Başyayla
  • Ermenek
  • Kazımkarabekir
  • Sarıveliler

Point of Interests in Karaman

Binbirkilise, a region around Karadağ Mountain 30 km (19 mi) north of Karaman with Byzantine church ruins.


Ermenek Dam, located in the Ermenek District of Karaman, is one of the few dams in the world. Ermenek Dam and Hydroelectric Power Plant, which has the title of the world’s 26th, Europe’s 6th and Turkey’s highest dam with its height of 218 meters, has a very suitable area for water sports (rafting, underwater diving and surfing).


It is 9 km from the city center within the borders of Karaman Merkez Taşkale Town. It is located on the eastern slopes of the İncesu Stream in the south. Its length is 1,356 m. It contains stalactites, stalagmites and travarten pools. It is a natural wonder. The increasing importance of Incesu Cave with its entry into the “cave tourism inventory” in our country will be better understood by opening up to cave tourism. Another feature of the cave is that it is good for diseases such as asthma and heart failure. The lighting and road project of the cave, the feasibility of which was made by the MTA General Directorate, has been made and it will be made to serve health tourism in the coming years.



he Yılkı Horses and Wild Sheeps living in and around Başdağ Castle, which is located in the Madenşehri Ruins in our city, Merkez Karadağ, is a unique opportunity for wildlife lovers and adventurers. There is a Wildlife Protection Area at the foot of the Taurus Mountains in Karaman. There are wild animals such as deer, mountain goat, bear, wild boar, partridge, rabbit, fox, quail, pigeon, grouse, wild duck, summer duck, goosetail, wild goose, water fowl, reed grouse.


Equestrian nature walks, which are among the diversity of tourism, are made with daily or several-day excursion programs organized in our regions where historical and natural beauties are located. In Karaman; Horseback riding can be done very easily in Karadağ, Berendi Plateau, Barçın Plateau, Taurus Mountains and Plateaus.

Let's see the cuisine of Karaman


For more information about Karaman



  1. For more information, you may visit the official government website of KARAMAN.


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