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Summary Information About İzmir

İzmir Province is a province and metropolitan municipality of Turkey in western Anatolia, situated along the Aegean coast. Its capital is the city of İzmir, which is in itself composed of the province’s central 11 districts out of 30 in total. To the west, it is surrounded by the Aegean Sea, and it encloses the Gulf of Izmir.Neighboring provinces are Balıkesir to the north, Manisa to the east, and Aydın to the south. The capital of Izmir Province is Izmir city. It is the third most populous city in Turkey, after Istanbul and Ankara; and the second largest urban agglomeration on the Aegean Sea after Athens.

 

The modern name İzmir is the Turkish rendering of the Greek name Smyrna and “Smyrne” .  In medieval times, Westerners used forms like Smire, Zmirra, Esmira, Ismira, which was rendered as İzmir into Turkish, originally written as ازمير with the Ottoman Turkish alphabet

As of the last 31/12/2019 estimation, the city of İzmir had a population of 2,965,900, while İzmir Province had a total population of 4,367,251. Its built-up (or metro) area was home to 3,209,179 inhabitants extending on 9 out of 11 urban districts (all but Urla and Guzelbahce not yet agglomerated) plus Menemen and Menderes largely conurbated. It extends along the outlying waters of the Gulf of İzmir and inland to the north across the Gediz River Delta; to the east along an alluvial plain created by several small streams; and to slightly more rugged terrain in the south.

 

İzmir has more than 3,000 years of recorded urban history, and up to 8,500 years of history as a human settlement since the Neolithic period. In classical antiquity the city was known as Smyrna  a name which remained in use in English and various other languages until around 1930, when government efforts led the original Greek name to be gradually phased out internationally in favor of its Turkish counterpart İzmir. Lying on an advantageous location at the head of a gulf running down in a deep indentation, midway along the western Anatolian coast, İzmir has been one of the principal mercantile cities of the Mediterranean Sea for much of its history. It hosted the Mediterranean Games in 1971 and the World University Games (Universiade) in 2005. The city participated in Climathon in 2019.

 

İzmir has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification: Csa, Trewartha climate classification: Cs), which is characterized by prolonged, hot, dry summers, and mild to cool, rainy winters. İzmir’s average yearly precipitation is quite ample, at 730.5 mm (28.76 in); however, the vast majority of the city’s rainfall occurs from November through March, and there is usually very little to no rainfall from June through August, with frequent summer droughts.

 

The districts of Alsancak and Karşiyaka are great places to meet the local inhabitants of the city, who can be found socialising in the restaurants along the coast and the coffee shops and walking in the pedestrian areas. A cosmopolitan city, Izmir hosts the International Festival of Arts (held in June/July) and the International Trade Fair (August/September).

 

ith its thermal spring in one part and blue flag sandy beaches and intense blue sea in the other, Izmir is the symbol of water and wind.

The city, known in Turkey as “The Beautiful Izmir”, is located at the end of long narrow gulf and enjoys the “meltem” wind that blows from the Aegean Sea.

Population

4425789

Area

11973.00 km 2

Location

Districts

30

Municipalities

31

Towns

0

Villages

0

History of İzmir

it is one of the oldest cities and ports of ancient Ionia in the Mediterranean Sea. It was founded around 3000 BC and has survived to this day. It was inhabited by Greek populations from antiquity until the destruction of Smyrna in 1922 and the exchange of populations that followed with the Treaty of Lausanne. In its long history it has changed location twice. The first location (prehistoric times) was mentioned by Strabo as “Old Smyrna” and the second location was built by Alexander the Great and his descendants (Hellenistic period). Ionians, in about 11th century BC, established the League of Ionia. It was later conquered by the Persians and retaken by the Greeks before being subsumed into the Roman Empire. In Roman times it became very prosperous and the Romans honored it three times with the praiseworthy title of “young girl” because of its amazing prosperity. Izmir was not the first city to recognize Rome as a deity. The term “Catholic Church” was first used in 110 in a letter from St. Ignatius of Antioch to the Church of Smyrna. After the split of the Roman Empire, the area became part of what is now called the Byzantine Empire until it was conquered by the Ottoman Turks in the 14th century. In 1424, Smyrna was conquered by the Ottomans. However, before and after its occupation, Venetians and Genoese tried several times to include it in their Republics. On September 13, 1472, the Venetians, under Pietro Mokenigo, captured and destroyed the city, in a failed attempt. Following the First World War, the province was ceded to Greece, but was retaken by the forces of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk in the Turkish War of Independence. As a result of the Treaty of Lausanne (1923), all Greek Orthodox inhabitants of the province were deported, and İzmir Province was incorporated into the modern republic of Turkey.

Districts of İzmir

  • Aliağa
  • Balçova
  • Bayındır
  • Bayraklı
  • Bergama
  • Beydağ
  • Bornova
  • Buca
  • Çeşme
  • Çiğli
  • Dikili
  • Foça
  • Gaziemir
  • Güzelbahçe
  • Karabağlar
  • Karaburun
  • Karşıyaka
  • Kemalpaşa
  • Kınık
  • Kiraz
  • Konak
  • Menderes
  • Menemen
  • Narlıdere
  • Ödemiş
  • Seferihisar
  • Selçuk
  • Tire
  • Torbalı
  • Urla

Point of Interests in İzmir

The greater Izmir region produces 20% of Turkey’s wind power from wind turbines capable of generating more than 1,300 megawatts (MW).

İzmir prides itself with its busy schedule of trade fairs, exhibitions and congresses. The fair and the festival are held in the compound of İzmir’s vast inner city park named Kültürpark in the first days of September, and organized by İZFAŞ, a depending company of İzmir Metropolitan Municipality.

 

The port of Izmir is Turkey’s main port for exports in terms of the freight handled and its free zone is the leader among the twenty in Turkey.

 

Trade through the city’s port had a determinant importance for the economy of the Ottoman Empire at the beginning of the 19th century and the economic foundations of the early decades of Turkey’s Republican era were also laid here during the İzmir Economic Congress.

 

At present, İzmir area’s economy is divided in value between various types of activities, as follows: 30.5% for industry, 22.9% for trade and related services, 13.5% for transportation and communication and 7.8% for agriculture. In 2008, İzmir provided 10.5% of all tax revenues collected by Turkey and its exports corresponded to 6% and its imports to 4% of Turkey’s foreign trade.

 

The province as a whole is Turkey’s third largest exporter after Istanbul and Bursa, and the fifth largest importer. 85–90% of the region’s exports and approximately one fifth of all Turkish exports are made through the Port of Alsancak with an annual container loading capacity of close to a million.

Let's see the cuisine of İzmir

  • ZEYTİNYAĞLI ENGİNAR YEMEĞİ
  • KABAK ÇİÇEĞİ DOLMASI
  • ZEYTİNYAĞLI TAZE BAKLA
  • KUYU KEBABI
  • CIBEZ SALATASI
  • LOKMA
  • BOYOZ
  • GEVREK
  • KUMRU
  • IZMIR KOFTE
  • KUZU ETLİ ŞEVKET-İ BOSTAN
  • RADIKA SALATASI
  • COP SIS
  • KESNEK

For more information about İzmir

https://www.kulturportali.gov.tr/turkiye/izmir/genelbilgiler

 

For more information, you may visit the official government website of IZMIR

http://www.izmir.gov.tr/

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