İzmir Province is a province and metropolitan municipality of Turkey in western Anatolia, situated along the Aegean coast. Its capital is the city of İzmir, which is in itself composed of the province’s central 11 districts out of 30 in total. To the west, it is surrounded by the Aegean Sea, and it encloses the Gulf of Izmir.Neighboring provinces are Balıkesir to the north, Manisa to the east, and Aydın to the south. The capital of Izmir Province is Izmir city. It is the third most populous city in Turkey, after Istanbul and Ankara; and the second largest urban agglomeration on the Aegean Sea after Athens.
The modern name İzmir is the Turkish rendering of the Greek name Smyrna and “Smyrne” . In medieval times, Westerners used forms like Smire, Zmirra, Esmira, Ismira, which was rendered as İzmir into Turkish, originally written as ازمير with the Ottoman Turkish alphabet
As of the last 31/12/2019 estimation, the city of İzmir had a population of 2,965,900, while İzmir Province had a total population of 4,367,251. Its built-up (or metro) area was home to 3,209,179 inhabitants extending on 9 out of 11 urban districts (all but Urla and Guzelbahce not yet agglomerated) plus Menemen and Menderes largely conurbated. It extends along the outlying waters of the Gulf of İzmir and inland to the north across the Gediz River Delta; to the east along an alluvial plain created by several small streams; and to slightly more rugged terrain in the south.
İzmir has more than 3,000 years of recorded urban history, and up to 8,500 years of history as a human settlement since the Neolithic period. In classical antiquity the city was known as Smyrna a name which remained in use in English and various other languages until around 1930, when government efforts led the original Greek name to be gradually phased out internationally in favor of its Turkish counterpart İzmir. Lying on an advantageous location at the head of a gulf running down in a deep indentation, midway along the western Anatolian coast, İzmir has been one of the principal mercantile cities of the Mediterranean Sea for much of its history. It hosted the Mediterranean Games in 1971 and the World University Games (Universiade) in 2005. The city participated in Climathon in 2019.
İzmir has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification: Csa, Trewartha climate classification: Cs), which is characterized by prolonged, hot, dry summers, and mild to cool, rainy winters. İzmir’s average yearly precipitation is quite ample, at 730.5 mm (28.76 in); however, the vast majority of the city’s rainfall occurs from November through March, and there is usually very little to no rainfall from June through August, with frequent summer droughts.
The districts of Alsancak and Karşiyaka are great places to meet the local inhabitants of the city, who can be found socialising in the restaurants along the coast and the coffee shops and walking in the pedestrian areas. A cosmopolitan city, Izmir hosts the International Festival of Arts (held in June/July) and the International Trade Fair (August/September).
ith its thermal spring in one part and blue flag sandy beaches and intense blue sea in the other, Izmir is the symbol of water and wind.
The city, known in Turkey as “The Beautiful Izmir”, is located at the end of long narrow gulf and enjoys the “meltem” wind that blows from the Aegean Sea.