Iğdır Province is a province in eastern Turkey, located along the borders with Armenia, Azerbaijan (the area of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic), and Iran. Its adjacent provinces are Kars to the northwest and Ağrı to the west and south. It occupies an area of 3,587 km2. It was created from southeastern part of the former Kars Province in 1993.
Being the highest mountain in Armenian Highlands, Mount Ararat (Ağrı Dağı) is at present in Turkey’s Iğdır province, but much of the land is a wide plain far below the mountain. The climate is the warmest in this part of Turkey; cotton can be grown in Iğdır. The closed border with Armenia follows the Aras River.
The provincial capital is the city of Iğdır.
The city and province are named after a western Turkish clan called Iğdır that belonged to a branch of the Oghuz Turks. They spread throughout Anatolia and there are several towns and villages named Iğdır in Eskişehir Province and other parts of Turkey today. The city in Armenian is called Igdir, and also Tsolakert, after an ancient settlement nearby.