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Summary Information About Gümüşhane

Gümüşhane Province is a province in northern Turkey, bordering Bayburt to the east, Trabzon to the north, Giresun and Erzincan to the west. It covers an area of 6,575 km2 and has a population of 129,618 in 2010. The name Gümüşhane means silver house. The city has a rich mining (silver and bronze) history and was the source of exports for Trabzon. The current Governor is Kamuran Taşbilek, he was appointed on the 27 October 2019.

Gümüşhane is the capital city of the province.

 

Gümüşhane city lies along the Harşit River, at an elevation of 5,000 feet (1,500 m), about 40 miles (64 km) southwest of Trabzon. According to the 2010 census, population of Gümüşhane urban center is 28,620. The district covers an area of 1,789 km2 (691 sq mi), and the city lies at an elevation of 1,153 m (3,783 ft).

Population

150119

Area

6575.00 km 2

Location

Districts

5

Municipalities

14

Towns

8

Villages

318

History of Gümüşhane

It is suggested that the ancient Thia (Θεία in Greek, a settlement of Roman, Late Roman and Byzantine periods) was located 4 miles west of modern Gümüşhane, in modern Beşkilise. In Byzantine period, there was a town named Tzanicha or Tzantzakon  means land of Zan / Laz people, possibly located 2 miles (3.2 km) to the west of Gümüşhane.

 

Around 840 AD, the area was included in the new Roman (Byzantine) province of Chaldia (Χαλδία). It was later ruled by the Byzantine Empire of Trebizond.

 

During Ottoman years, the sanjak of Gümüşhane fell under the administration successively Rum Province, Erzurum Province and Trabzon Province, and was divided into four kazas: Gümüşhane, Torul (capital city Ardassa), Şiran (Cheriana), and Kelkit (Keltik).

 

The sanjak in which Gümüşhane was situated at some stage comprised 37 mines of argentiferous lead and six copper mines. There is no evidence that these mines were in use during Byzantine times.

 

As for the name of the city during the Ottoman period, Greek-speaking population was also using the name Gümüşhane (Γκιμισχανά and Κιουμουσχανά) but, in the first decades of 19th century, the hellenized form Argyrópolis (Αργυρόπολις, from argyros “silver” and polis “city”) was established.

Districts of Gümüşhane

  • Kelkit
  • Köse
  • Kürtün
  • Şiran
  • Torul

 

Point of Interests in Gümüşhane

Historically, Gümüşhane had mulberry tree plantations for sericulture

There are numerous large and small caves which owe their formation to the geology – particularly the limestones – of Gümüşhane, including Alicli Agil Cave, Arili Cave, Altınbaşı Cave, Asarönü Ören Cave, Kartalkaya Cave, Ayiini Cave, K.Ardiçli Cave, Karçukuru Cave, Ardiçli Cave, Tepekli Cave, Uçbacalı Cave, Buz Cave and Ikisu Cave.

 

A distinctive local wildflower, bearing purple blossoms in Spring and frequently to be found growing in rock crevices around the mouths of Gümüşhane’s many caves, is a member of the nightshade genus Physochlaina : Physochlaina orientalis – a plant rich in medicinally valuable tropane alkaloids of the type found also in belladonna.

 

The cave in Gümüşhane most visited by tourists is the 150 metres (490 ft) long Karaca Cave, popular because of its speleothems (= dripstone formations), including stalagmites, stalactites, columns and travertine pools. It is a fossil cave located between Torul and Gümüşhane, in which the lime-rich water percolating through fissures in the roof has slowly built up calcite structures of remarkable complexity. Other geological features of Gümüşhane include the numerous plateaux commanding views of the forested areas which surround them. These include the Zigana, Taşköprü, Artabel, Şiran and Kalis plateaux, which form fitting sites for the Summer festivals which are held there annually.

Let's see the cuisine of Gümüşhane

  • FIŞKIL TATLISI
  • YALANCI YOĞURTLU DOLMA
  • LEMIS
  • FASULYE BULGURLUSU
  • BORANI
  • KARA LAHANA CORBASI
  • GENDIME CORBASI
  • BURMA TATLISI
  • PESTIL VE KOME
  • ETLI GUVEC SARMASI
  • UN HELVASI
  • KUYMAK
  • DILBER DUDAG
  • IRMIK TATLISI
  • KANZILI BOREK

For more information about Gümüşhane

 

https://www.kulturportali.gov.tr/turkiye/gumushane/genelbilgiler

 

 

For more information, you may visit the official government website of GUMUSHANE

http://www.gumushane.gov.tr/ilcelerimiz

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