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Summary Information About Giresun

Giresun Province is a province of Turkey on the Black Sea coast. Its adjacent provinces are Trabzon to the east, Gümüşhane to the southeast, Erzincan to the south, Sivas to the southwest, and Ordu to the west.

The provincial capital is Giresun.

 

Giresun is an agricultural region and its lower areas, near the Black Sea coast. It is Turkey’s second largest producer of hazelnuts and it is famously home to the best quality hazelnuts in the world; a Giresun folk song tells “I will not eat a single hazelnut, unless you are by my side,”while another tells of a lover shot dead under a hazelnut tree.

Forests and pasture cover the high mountainous regions, and in places there is mining of copper, zinc, iron and other metals. The mountain villages are remote, with poor roads and little else in the way of infrastructure. The hillsides are too steep for most forms of agriculture, and as a result, cornbread is the traditional meal, as wheat cannot be grown.

 

The climate is typical of this stretch of the Black Sea coast, i.e. very wet. Local flora includes bilberries

Population

450154

Area

6934.00 km 2

Location

Districts

15

Municipalities

24

Towns

8

Villages

553

History of Giresun

During the medieval period, Kerasunt was part of the Byzantine Empire and later the second city of the Empire of Trebizond ruled by the Komnenian dynasty. Alexios II Komnenos, Emperor of Trebizond, defeated the Turkmen “Koustoganes” at Kerasunt in September 1302; to secure his victory, Alexios II built a fortress which overlooks the sea. From 1244 onwards the Seljuk Turks moved into the area, pursued at times by the Mongol hordes until in 1461, subsequent to the fall of Constantinople, the whole of this coast was brought within the Ottoman Empire by Sultan Mehmet II. It was briefly occupied by Emirate of Hacıemiroğlu (Emirate of Chalybia) between 1398-1400. Local traditions claim that Kerasunt held out for many months after the fall of Trebizon in 1461, then surrendered on terms that the Christian inhabitants could remain and retain their arms, but were required to maintain a boat for the use of the Turks on a nearby river.

 

4.2 km east-northeast of Kerasus is a fortified island called Ares. According to the poetic account of Apollonius of Rhodes, it was here that the Argonauts encountered both the Amazons and a flock of vicious birds. The Greeks of the island held out against the Ottomans for 7 years after the fall of Trebizond (modern Trabzon) in 1461.

 

Districts of Giresun

  • Alucra
  • Bulancak
  • Çamoluk
  • Çanakçı
  • Dereli
  • Doğankent
  • Espiye
  • Eynesil
  • Görele
  • Güce
  • Keşap
  • Piraziz
  • Şebinkarahisar
  • Tirebolu
  • Yağlıdere

Point of Interests in Giresun

Historically, Giresun was known for producing hazelnut. As of 1920, hazelnuts covered 460 square miles of the area. Manganese mines were also in the area, producing 470 tons as of 1901.

 

Giresun province is culturally divided into two regions from north to south. North Giresun having virtually the same culture as the neighbouring Ordu and Trabzon, while south Giresun (aka. the Şebinkarahisar region) being much closer to the neighbouring Sivas province and the Central Anatolia region. Because of the northern part dominating much of the province’s economic and demographic sides, south of the province is more often than not ignored.

 

Due to the dense forestry in Giresun, woodwork is among the common handcrafts in the region. Some small wooden handcrafts peculiar to the city are churns, külek (a storing pot for cheese), and spoons. One of the oldest handcrafts in the city is weaving. Wool, linen threads and similar raw materials are spun in handlooms to produce various local clothes, heybe (shoulder bags) and bags. Strong threads and knitted threads are also produced in handlooms.

 

Kümbet, Karagöl and Bektaş are areas of an attractive mountain pasture in the district of Dereli, where people can enjoy walks and picnics. Annual folklore festivals are held here in summer.

Let's see the cuisine of Giresun

  • MANTAR KAVURMASI
  • KARALAHANA CORBASI
  • FIRN KURSU FASULYESI KAVURMASI
  • KIRAZ TUZLUSU KAVURMASI
  • MENDEK CORBASI
  • KARALAHANA DIBLESI
  • TAFLAN TUZLUSU KAVURMASI
  • CALICILEGI CORBASI
  • ETLI PANCAR
  • BEZELYE DIBLESI
  • CALAR BUGULAMA
  • FIRIN KURUSU FASULYE

For more information about Giresun

https://www.kulturportali.gov.tr/turkiye/giresun/genelbilgiler

 

For more information, you may visit the official government website of GIRESUN

http://www.giresun.gov.tr/ilcelerimiz

 

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