Summary Information About Gaziantep

Gaziantep Province is a province in south-central Turkey. Its capital is the city of Gaziantep, which had a population of 1,931,836 in 2015. Its neighbours are Adıyaman to the northeast, Şanlıurfa to the east, Syria and Kilis to the south, Hatay to the southwest, Osmaniye to the west and Kahramanmaraş to the northwest.


An important trading center since ancient times, the province is also one of Turkey’s major manufacturing zones, and its agriculture is dominated by the growing of pistachio nuts.


In ancient times, first under the power of Yamhad, then the Hittites and later the Assyrians controlled the region. It saw much fighting during the Crusades, and Saladin won a key battle there in 1183. After World War I and the Ottoman Empire’s disintegration, it was invaded by the forces of the French Third Republic during the Turkish War of Independence. It was returned to Turkish control after the Treaty of Lausanne was signed, formally ending hostilities between Turkey and the Allies of World War I.


Originally known as Antep, the title gazi (meaning veteran in Turkish) was added to the province’s and the provincial capital’s name in 1921, due to its population’s actions during the Turkish War of Independence.


Kilis Province was part of Gaziantep Province until it separated in 1994. Turks are the majority in the province




6554,00 km 2










History of Gaziantep

Traces of settlement go back to the fourth millennium BC. Gaziantep is the probable site of the Hellenistic city of Antiochia ad Taurum. n the center of the city stands the Gaziantep fortress and the Ravanda citadel, which were restored by the Byzantines in the sixth century. Although it was controlled by the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia only between 1155–1157 and 1204–1206, for most of the last two millennia, Gaziantep hosted a large Armenian community.

hese communities no longer exist in the city due to the Hamidian massacres in 1895 and the Armenian genocide in 1915.


Following the Muslim conquest of the Levant, the city passed to the Umayyads in 661 AD and the Abbasids in 750. It was ravaged several times during the Arab–Byzantine wars. After the disintegration of the Abbasid dynasty, the city was ruled successively by the Tulunids, the Ikhshidids, and the Hamdanids. In 962, it was recaptured by the Byzantines. The Anatolian Seljuks took Aintab in 1067. They gave way to the Syrian Seljuks in 1086. Tutush I appointed Thoros of Edessa as governor of the region.


The Ottoman Empire captured Gaziantep after the Battle of Marj Dabiq in 1516, under the reign of Sultan Selim I. In the Ottoman period, Aintab was a sanjak centered initially in the Dulkadir Eyalet (1516–1818), and later in the Aleppo vilayet (1908–1918). It was also a kaza in the Aleppo vilayet (1818–1908). The city established itself as a centre for commerce due to its location straddling trade routes.


After the First World War and Armistice of Mudros, Gaziantep was occupied by United Kingdom on 17 December 1918, and it was transferred to France on 5 November 1919. French Armenian Legion was also involved in occupation. In April 1920 irregular Turkish troops known as Kuva-yi Milliye sieged the city,but the 10 month long battle resulted in French victory. Around 6,000 Turkish civilians were murdered in progress. On 25 December 1921, Treaty of Ankara was signed and as a result French evacuated the city.


The French made the last attempt to revive the Armenian community in the city during the Siege of Aintab, where the Armenians who fled the gGenocide were promised their homes back in their native lands. However, on 25 December 1921, the Treaty of Ankara was signed, and as a result, the French evacuated the city.

Districts of Gaziantep

  • Araban
  • Islahiye
  • Karkamış
  • Nizip
  • Nurdağı
  • Oğuzeli
  • Şahinbey
  • Şehitkamil
  • Yavuzeli

Point of Interests in Gaziantep

Two major active geological faults meet in western Gaziantep near the border with adjoining Osmaniye Province: the Dead Sea Transform and the East Anatolian Fault. These represent the tectonic boundary between the northward-moving Arabian Plate to the east, and the converging African and Eurasian Plates to the west.


Gaziantep is famous for its regional specialities: Copperware and “Yemeni” sandals, specific to the region, are two examples. The city is an economic center for Southeastern and Eastern Turkey. The number of large industrial businesses established in Gaziantep comprise four percent of Turkish industry in general, while small industries comprise six percent. Also, Gaziantep has the largest organized industrial area in Turkey and holds first position in exports and imports. The city is centre of the Green olive oil-based Nizip Soap industry.


Traditionally, commerce in Gaziantep was centre in covered markets known as ‘Bedesten’ or ‘Hans’, the best known of which are the Zincirli Bedesten, Hüseyin Pasha Bedesten and Kemikli Bedesten.


Gaziantep also has a developing tourist industry. Development around the base of the castle upgrades the beauty and accessibility to the castle and to the surrounding copper workshops. New restaurants and tourist-friendly businesses are moving into the area. In comparison with some other regions of Turkey, tourists are still a novelty in Gaziantep and the locals make them very welcome. Many students studying the English language are willing to be guides for tourists.


Gaziantep is one of the leading producers of machined carpets in the world. It exported approximately US$700 million of machine-made carpets in 2006. There are over 100 carpet facilities in the Gaziantep Organized Industrial Zone.


With its extensive olive groves, vineyards, and pistachio orchards, Gaziantep is one of the important agricultural and industrial centres of Turkey

Gaziantep is the center of pistachio cultivation in Turkey, producing 60,000 metric tons (59,000 long tons; 66,000 short tons) in 2007, and lends its name to the Turkish word for pistachio, Antep fıstığı, meaning “Antep nut”


Food in Gaziantep is different from the cuisine in other parts of Turkey because of the influence of Armenians, Turks, Kurds and the culinary traditions of nearby Aleppo which was an important regional administrative center of the Seljuk and Ottoman empires.


Let's see the cuisine of Gaziantep


For more information about Gaziantep



For more information, you may visit the official government website of GAZIANTEP


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