ZEEDEED

Summary Information About Bursa

Bursa Province is a province in Turkey along the Sea of Marmara coast in northwestern Anatolia. It borders Balıkesir to the west, Kütahya to the south, Bilecik and Sakarya to the east, Kocaeli to the northeast and Yalova to the north. The province has an area of 11,043 km2 and a population of 2,994,521 as of 2018. Its traffic code is 16.

 

The vast majority of the Bursa Province districts (and the city of Bursa) are located within the Marmara Region, but the districts of Büyükorhan, Harmancık, Keles and Orhaneli are located within the Aegean Region.

 

The city of Bursa was the capital of the Ottoman State between 1326 and 1365, until the Ottoman conquest of Edirne, then known as Adrianople, which became the new Ottoman capital between 1365 and 1453, when Constantinople became the final Ottoman capital.

 

The fourth-most populous city in Turkey and second-most populous in the Marmara Region, Bursa is one of the industrial centers of the country. Most of Turkey’s automotive production takes place in Bursa.

 

As of 2019, the Metropolitan Province was home to 3,056,120 inhabitants, 2,161,990 of whom lived in the 3 city urban districts (Osmangazi, Yildirim and Nilufer) plus Gursu and Kestel, largely conurbated.

Population

3147818

Area

11043.00 km 2

Location

Districts

17

Municipalities

18

Towns

0

Villages

0

History of Bursa

The earliest known human settlement near Bursa’s current location was at Ilıpınar Höyüğü around 5200 BC. It was followed by the ancient Greek city of Cius, which Philip V of Macedon granted to Prusias I, the King of Bithynia, in 202 BC. King Prusias rebuilt the city with the advice of general Hannibal of Carthage, who took refuge with Prusias after losing the war with the Roman emperor and renamed it Prusa. After 128 years of Bithynian rule, Nicomedes IV, the last King of Bithynia, bequeathed the entire kingdom to the Roman Empire in 74 BC. An early Roman Treasure was found in the vicinity of Bursa in the early 20th century. Composed of a woman’s silver toilet articles, it is now in the British Museum

 

Bursa became the first major capital city of the early Ottoman Empire following its capture from the Byzantines in 1326. As a result, the city witnessed a considerable amount of urban growth throughout the 14th century. After conquering Edirne (Adrianople) in East Thrace, the Ottomans turned it into the new capital city in 1363, but Bursa retained its spiritual and commercial importance in the Ottoman Empire.

 

During the Ottoman period, Bursa continued to be the source of most royal silk products. Aside from the local silk production, the city imported raw silk from Iran, and occasionally from China, and was the main production centre for the kaftans, pillows, embroidery and other silk products for the Ottoman palaces until the 17th century. As it was a significant cultural and trade hub, traders, most of whom were Armenians, became very wealthy

However, this legacy of cultural pluralism in Bursa almost entirely ended due to the events that took place from 1895 to 1925, namely the Hamidian massacres, the Armenian genocide, and the population exchange. The most influential study of Bursa’s silk trade and economic history is the work of Ottomanist Halil İnalcık.

 

Following the foundation of the Republic of Turkey in 1923, Bursa became one of the industrial centres of the country. The economic development of the city was followed by population growth and Bursa became the 4th most populous city in Turkey.

 

Districts of Bursa

  • Büyükorhan
  • Gemlik
  • Gürsu
  • Harmancık
  • İnegöl
  • İznik
  • Karacabey
  • Keles
  • Kestel
  • Mudanya
  • Mustafakemalpaşa
  • Nilüfer
  • Orhaneli
  • Orhangazi
  • Osmangazi
  • Yenişehir
  • Yıldırım

Point of Interests in Bursa

Bursa is the largest production centre of the Turkish automotive industry. Factories of motor vehicle producers like Fiat, Renault and Karsan, as well as automotive parts producers like Bosch, Mako, Valeo, Johnson Controls, Delphi have been active in the city for decades. The textile and food industries are equally strong, with Coca-Cola, Pepsi Cola and other beverage brands, as well as fresh and canned food industries being present in the city’s organized industrial zones.

 

Apart from its large automotive industry, Bursa also produces a substantial amount of dairy products (by Sütaş), processed food (by Tat, and beverages (by Uludağ).

 

Traditionally, Bursa was famous for being the largest centre of silk trade in the Byzantine and later the Ottoman empires, during the period of the lucrative Silk Road. The city is still a major centre for textiles in Turkey and is home to the Bursa International Textiles and Trade Centre (Bursa Uluslararası Tekstil ve Ticaret Merkezi, or BUTTIM). Bursa was also known for its fertile soil and agricultural activities, which have decreased in the recent decades due to the heavy industrialization of the city.

 

Bursa is a major centre for tourism. One of the most popular skiing resorts of Turkey is located at Mount Uludağ, just next to the city proper. Bursa’s thermal baths have been used for therapeutical purposes since Roman times. Apart from the baths that are operated by hotels, Uludağ University has a physical therapy centre which also makes use of thermal water.

Let's see the cuisine of Bursa

  • Kazan Tarhanasi
  • Cevizli Lokum
  • Dede Çorbasi
  • Kestane Sekeri
  • Damat Paçasi
  • Etli Erik Yemegi
  • Bursa Kebabi
  • Mustafa Kemalpaşa Tatlisi
  • Cennet Künkü
  • Keles Güveci
  • Dilber Dudag
  • Yumurta Dolmasi

For more information about Bursa

https://www.kulturportali.gov.tr/turkiye/bursa/genelbilgiler

 

For more information, you may visit the official government website of BURSA

http://www.bursa.gov.tr/ilcelerimiz

See the other cities of Turkey

Burdur

Burdur Province is a province of Turkey, located in the southwest and bordering Muğla and Antalya to the south, Denizli

Learn More »

Kütahya

Kütahya Province is a province in the Aegean region of Turkey. The neighboring provinces are Bursa to the northwest, Bilecik

Learn More »

Mersin

Mersin Province formerly İçel Province , is a province in southern Turkey, on the Mediterranean coast between Antalya and Adana.

Learn More »

Isparta

Isparta Province is a province in southwestern Turkey. Its adjacent provinces are Afyon to the northwest, Burdur to the southwest,

Learn More »
No more posts to show
Sign up now
and get a free copy
of our Investment Guide.
Sign up now and get a free copy of our Investment Guide.

©2022, ZEEDEED­­™ is a protected trademark. All rights reserved.