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Summary Information About Bolu

Bolu Province is a province situated in north-western Turkey. It is located between the capital, Ankara and the largest city in the country, Istanbul. It covers an area of 7,410 km2, and the population is 311,810.

 

The capital city of the province is Bolu.

The city has been governed by mayor Tanju Özcan (CHP) since local elections in 2019. It was the site of Ancient Claudiopolis and has also been called Eskihisar (“old fortress”) (and as such has several Turkish namesakes).

 

Bolu is on the old highway from Istanbul to Ankara, which climbs over Mount Bolu, while the new motorway passes through Mount Bolu Tunnel below the town.

Population

320014

Area

8458.00 km 2

Location

Districts

8

Municipalities

12

Towns

3

Villages

487

History of Bolu

It is not definitely known when Bolu was first founded. There are some archaeological findings dating back about 100,000 years that suggest the region was inhabited then.

 

The area now in Bolu Province was in eastern Bithynia and southwestern Paphlagonia. The town of Bithynium from which the area takes its name is the modern Bolu. The area was called Bithynia during the Hellenistic period, the Romans named it Claudio Polis, and it was called Bolu by the Turks. By about 375 BCE, Bithynia had gained its independence from Persia, and King Bas subsequently defeated Alexander’s attempt to take it. The Bithynian region with parts of Paphlagonia remained its own kingdom until 88 BCE when it briefly came under Mithridates VI and the Kingdom of Pontus. With Roman help the last Bithynian king, Nicomedes IV regained his throne, but on his death bequeathed the kingdom to Rome. This led to the Third Mithridatic War and the fall of Pontus, the area was incorporated into the Roman Empire as a single province joining Paphlagonia with Bithynia. Under the falling Byzantine Empire the Bolu area was divided from western Bithynia at the Sakarya River, with western Bithynia keeping the name. The Sakarya is still the southern and western boundary of the province.

 

The Byzantine Empire briefly lost the Bolu area to the Seljuk Turks after the 1071 Battle of Manzikert, but recovered it under the Komnenian restoration. After the end of the Komnenos dynasty, the Turks gradually took the Bolu area back.

 

About 1240 the Seljuk Turks took the eastern part of the Bolu area (i.e. the Paphlagonian part) from the Byzantine Empire and incorporated it into the Sultanate of Rum. Due to their assistance in taking it and Sinop, the Chobanids were given that territory and adjacent areas to the north and east to rule. The Chobanids were relatively independent of the Sultan. That eastern area fell under the Isfendiyarids between 1292 and 1461. In 1461 it was incorporated into the rest of the Ottoman Empire.

 

By 1265, the western part of the Bolu area was again acquired by the Seljuk Turks, but it fell to the arms of Orhan I and the Ottoman Empire in the early to mid-1300s. The two areas were reunited in 1461, under Mehmed II. In the 1864 Ottoman Empire administrative reorganization, Bolu was created as an independent sanjak, although it was geographically part of the Kastamonu Vilayet.

Districts of Bolu

  • Dörtdivan
  • Gerede
  • Göynük
  • Kıbrıscık
  • Mengen
  • Mudurnu
  • Seben
  • Yeniçağa

Point of Interests in Bolu

  • Lake Abant, a mountain lake resort and hot springs
  • Yedigöller National Park. The name means “seven lakes” in Turkish, referring to the number of lakes in this forest park.
  • The Köroğlu Mountains, said to be the scene of the folk Epic of Köroğlu
  • There are many hot springs and mineral baths in the province (kaplıcaları in Turkish).
  • Kartalkaya, one of Turkey’s most popular ski resorts
  • Sarıalan, a lake high in the mountains above Kartalkaya
  • The Aladağ mountains, including the trail and picnic area of Gölcük
  • Seben Çeltikler
  • Göynük Akshemseddin Mausoleum

Let's see the cuisine of Bolu

  • BOLU USULÜ KEŞLİ CEVİZLİ ERİŞTE
  • BOLU KIZILCIK TARHANASI
  • BOLU USULÜ KARA KABAK TATLISI
  • SARAY HELVASI
  • BOLU USULÜ PATATES ÇORBASI
  • BOLU KESI
  • SOMUN EKMEGI
  • KEDI BATMAZ
  • PALIZE
  • KAZ TIRIDI
  • BAKLA ÇORBASI
  • UN HELVASI

For more information about Bolu

https://www.kulturportali.gov.tr/turkiye/bitlis/genelbilgiler

For more information, you may visit the official government website of BOLU

http://www.bolu.gov.tr/ilcelerimiz

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