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Summary Information About Artvin

Artvin Province is a province in Turkey, on the Black Sea coast in the northeastern corner of the country, on the border with Georgia.

 

Artvin is an attractive area of steep valleys carved by the Çoruh River system, surrounded by high mountains of Kaçkar, Karçal and Yalnızçam (up to 3900 m) and forest with much national parkland including the Karagöl-Sahara, which contains the Şavşat and Borçka lakes. The weather in Artvin is very wet and mild at the coast, and as a result is heavily forested. This greenery runs from the top all the way down to the Black Sea coast. The rain turns to snow at higher altitudes, and the peaks are very cold in winte

 

The forests are home to brown bears and wolves. The Çoruh is now being dammed in 11 places for hydro-electric power, including the 249 m Deriner Dam and others at Borçka and Muratlı.

In addition to the ethnic Turks, the province is home to communities of Laz people and Hemshin peoples. Autochthonous Muslim Georgians form the majority in parts of Artvin Province east of the Çoruh River. Immigrant groups of Georgian origins, found scattered in Turkey are known as Chveneburi. In particular, there is a prominent community of Chveneburi Georgians many of them descendants of Muslim families from Georgia who migrated during the struggles between the Ottoman Turks and Russia during the 19th century. With such diverse peoples, Artvin has a rich variety of folk song and dance (see Arifana and Kochari for examples of folk culture)

The provincial capital is the city of Artvin.

Population

169543

Area

7436.00 km 2

Location

Districts

8

Municipalities

9

Towns

0

Villages

320

History of Artvin

Artvin is a medieval city whose foundation does not go back to ancient times. Excavations around it revealed that although the city is not old, there are some settlements in the region dating back to 2000 BC

Byzantine domination around Artvin was established in the beginning of the 5th century and the region was included in the theme of Khaldia

Artvin, which joined the Islamic lands in 646 during the Osman period, later changed hands several times between the Byzantine and Islamic armies. During these changes of hands, Livane Castle was built to monitor the incursions of Muslim armies, which constitutes the core of the present city of Artvin (AD 939). Seljuk domination began to be established in Artvin and its vicinity in 1068. Later, this region passed into the hands of the Georgians for a while, but then it joined the Seljuk country again

 

During the reign of the Lawgiver, during the 1536-1537 campaign of Erzurum Governor Dulkadırlı Mehmed Han, the region including Artvin was captured, and the Livane sanjak, which included Artvin and Yusufeli, was established and connected to the Erzurum governorship. This region, which was understood to have been lost after a while, was re-captured in 1549 with the efforts of the second vizier Ahmed Pasha.    XIX. Artvin, which remained in the hands of the Turks until the beginning of the century, was invaded by the Russians twice in this century. With the Edirne Treaty signed after the Russian occupation in June 1828, Meskhetian was abandoned to the Russians, and the organization of Çıldır province, whose center was Meskhetian, to which Artvin was affiliated, broke down. After that, Artvin became the center of a county (Livane county) connected to the Batumi sanjak of Trabzon province, and this situation lasted until after the Ottoman-Russian War of 1877-1878.

 

Since the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk signed on March 3, 1918, which was signed after the end of the war, accepted that the border between the Soviet Union and Turkey should be reshaped as before the 1877-1878 Ottoman-Russian War, Ottoman troops entered Artvin again in March 1918. But this time Artvin did not stay in the hands of the Turks for long. According to the Armistice of Mudros signed on October 30, 1918, Artvin was evacuated and occupied by the British on December 17, 1918, since the Ottoman army had to withdraw behind its borders before 1914. The British occupation lasted until April 1920. When the British withdrew, they left the city to Georgia. Re-gaining Artvin was possible after the first military and diplomatic successes of the Turkish Grand National Assembly government.

 

On February 27, 1921, Artvin definitively joined the territory of Turkey

Districts of Artvin

  • Ardanuç
  • Arhavi
  • Borçka
  • Hopa
  • Kemalpaşa
  • Murgul
  • Şavşat
  • Yusufeli

Point of Interests in Artvin

  • The city of Artvin has an ancient castle and a number of Ottoman period houses, mosques, and fountains.
  • Every June, there is a “bull-wrestling” festival in the high plateau of Kafkasör
  • The Parekhi monastery, a Georgian monastery
  • Popular places for walking and outdoor expeditions.
  • The Kaçkar Mountains are among the most-popular venues for trekking holidays in Turkey.
  • Macahel Valley on the Georgian border, is another popular location for walking holidays.
  • Papart forest in Şavşat
  • Genciyan Hill in Şavşat, overlooks the border
  • The lakes of Şavşat and Borçka and the crater lake of Kuyruklu.
  • The Çoruh River is excellent for rafting and championships have been held here
  • There are a number of Georgian churches in the valleys of Yusufeli.
  • Bilbilan Yaylası – a typical Turkish high meadow.
  • Savangin pre-historical cave with an inscription written in an unknown or unsolved alphabet

Let's see the cuisine of Artvin

  • HAMSİLİ PİLAV

For more information about Artvin

https://www.kulturportali.gov.tr/turkiye/artvin/genelbilgiler

 

For more information, you may visit the official government website of ARTVIN

http://www.artvin.gov.tr/

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