Summary Information About Ankara

Located in the central part of Anatolia, Ankara is the capital city of Turkey and the country’s second largest city after Istanbul.

Centrally located in Anatolia, Ankara is an important commercial and industrial city. It is the center of the Turkish Government, and houses all foreign embassies. It is an important crossroads of trade, strategically located at the center of Turkey’s highway and railway networks, and serves as the marketing center for the surrounding agricultural area. The city was famous for its long-haired Angora goat and its prized wool (mohair), a unique breed of cat (Angora cat), white rabbits and their prized wool (Angora wool), pears, honey, and the region’s muscat grapes.

The hill which overlooks the city is crowned by the ruins of the old castle, which adds to the picturesqueness of the view, but only a few historic structures surrounding the old citadel have survived to our date. There are, however, many finely preserved remains of Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine architecture, the most remarkable being the Temple of Augustus and Rome (20 BC) which is also known as the Monumentum Ancyranum.




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History of Ankara

It may go back to the Stone Age and later to the Phrygian Kingdom. Ankara’s history is long and in the Bronze Age, it had the Hatti civilization, later absorbed into the Hittite Empire. Excavations from the ancient city of Hattusa nearby, one of the oldest settlements in world history, are displayed at the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations. Alexander the Great is also believed to have conquered Ankara. Furthermore, it was also the capital city of an Anatolian Celtic tribe of Galatia.

Later on, the Roman Empire under Emperor Augustus captured Ankara and it soon came under attack from the Persians and the Arabs. In the late 1000s, Ankara fell to the Seljuk Turks but was again captured by the Crusader Raymond IV. Nonetheless, the city lost and gained control with new owners frequently, until the Seljuks established their own empire with Konya as their capital.


With this development, Ankara’s place in history declined for a few hundred years until the Ottomans started gaining power. By 1360, Ankara became part of the Ottoman empire. The Mongols under Timur attacked the place during his campaign in Anatolia and captured it. By the early 1400s, however, it was back under Ottoman rule. Ankara soon gained importance as a commercial centre as it was linked to the Silk Road to the east.


Under the Ottomans, Ankara was captured almost a century before Istanbul was in 1354. To learn more about the history of Istanbul, check out our article on the Brief History of Istanbul! It was Orhan, the second Ottoman Sultan who captured it and made it part of the Ottoman Empire initially.


After the end of the Great War (WWI), Turkey’s nationalist leader and the founder of the Republic made it a centre of resistance and the resistance’s capital in 1919. Turkey’s Grand National Assembly was established in Ankara in 1920.


In 1923, it was declared the capital of Turkey. Soon after the leader’s industrialization attempts, Ankara started becoming an important commercial city with good connections to the other big cities of Turkey, Istanbul and Izmir.

Districts of Ankara

  • Akyurt
  • Altındağ
  • Ayaş
  • Bala
  • Baypazari
  • Çamlıdere
  • Çankaya
  • Çubuk
  • Elmadağ
  • Etimesgut
  • Evren
  • Golbaşi
  • Güdül
  • Haymana
  • Kahramankazan
  • Kalecik
  • Keçiören
  • Kızılcahamam
  • Mamak
  • Nallıhan
  • Polatlı
  • Pursaklar
  • Sincan
  • Şereflikoçhisar
  • Yenimahalle

Point of Interests in Ankara

The city has exported mohair (from the Angora goat) and Angora wool (from the Angora rabbit) internationally for centuries. In the 19th century, the city also exported substantial amounts of goat and cat skins, gum, wax, honey, berries, and madder root. It was connected to Istanbul by railway before the First World War, continuing to export mohair, wool, berries, and grain.


Ankara is the center of the state-owned and private Turkish defence and aerospace companies, where the industrial plants and headquarters of the Turkish Aerospace Industries, MKE, ASELSAN, HAVELSAN, ROKETSAN, FNSS, Nurol Makina, and numerous other firms are located. Exports to foreign countries from these defense and aerospace firms have steadily increased in the past decades.


Ankara hosts the OSTIM Industrial Zone, Turkey’s largest industrial park.


Turkish State Opera and Ballet, the national directorate of opera and ballet companies of Turkey, has its headquarters in Ankara, and serves the city with three venues, Ankara Opera House (Opera Sahnesi, also known as Büyük Tiyatro) is the largest of the three venues for opera and ballet in Ankara.

There are about 50 museums in the city.


Let's see the cuisine of Ankara


For more information about Ankara



For more information, you may visit the official government website of ANKARA



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