Summary Information About Afyonkarahisar

Afyonkarahisar (is a city in western Turkey, the capital of Afyon Province. Afyon is in the mountainous countryside inland from the Aegean coast, 250 km (155 mi) south-west of Ankara along the Akarçay River. In Turkey, Afyonkarahisar stands out as a capital city of hot springs and spas, an important junction of railway, highway and air traffic in West-Turkey, and the place where independence was won.

In addition, Afyonkarahisar is one of the top leading provinces in agriculture, globally renowned for its marble and is the world’s largest producer of pharmaceutical opium

The name Afyon Kara Hisar (literally opium black castle in Turkish), since opium was widely grown here and there is a castle on a black rock. Also known simply as Afyon. Older spellings include Karahisar-i Sahip, Afium-Kara-hissar and Afyon Karahisar. The city was known as Afyon (opium), until the name was changed to Afyonkarahisar by the Turkish Parliament in 2004.


Afyon is also an important rail junction between İzmir, Konya, Ankara and Istanbul. Afyon is on the route of the planned high-speed rail line between Ankara and Izmir.




14230,00 km 2










History of Afyonkarahisar

The history of Afyon dates back to 3000 BC. It was home to Hittites, Phrygians, Lydians, Persians, Greeks, after greeks it was ruled by the Seleucids and the kings of Pergamon, then Rome and Byzantium.


The Seljuq Turks then arrived in 1071 and changed its name to Kara Hissar (“black castle”) after the ancient fortress situated upon a volcanic rock 201 meters above the town. Following the dispersal of the Seljuqs the town was occupied by the Sâhib Ata and then the Germiyanids.


The area thrived during the Ottoman Empire, as the centre of opium production and Afyon became a wealthy city.


During the Greco-Turkish War (1919-1922), it was recovered on 27 August 1922, a key moment in the Turkish counter-attack in the Aegean region. After 1923 Afyon became a part of the Republic of Turkey.


The region was a major producer of raw opium (hence the name Afyon) until the late 1960s when under international pressure, from the US in particular, the fields were burnt and production ceased. Now poppies are grown under a strict licensing regime. They do not produce raw opium any more but derive Morphine and other opiates using the poppy straw method of extraction.


Afyon was depicted on the reverse of the Turkish 50 lira banknote of 1927–1938.

Districts of Afyonkarahisar

  • Başmakçı
  • Stale
  • Bolvadin
  • Tea
  • shepherds
  • Dazkırı
  • Dinar
  • Emirdag
  • pets
  • teachers
  • İhsaniye
  • İscehisar
  • Kiziloren
  • centre
  • Sandikli
  • Sinanpasa
  • Sultandagi
  • Shuhut

Point of Interests in Afyonkarahisar

  • Thermal waterThe geography of Afyon has great geothermal activity. Hence, the place has plenty of thermal springs. There are five main springs and all of them have high mineral content with temperatures ranging between 40 and 100 °C. The waters have strong healing properties to some diseases. As a result, plenty of thermal facilities formed over time.

In time, Afyon has developed its thermal sector with more capacity, comfort and innovation. Afyon combined the traditional bath houses with 5-star resorts, the health benefits of the natural springs have put the thermal resorts further than a mere attraction.

Afyon now has the largest residence capacity of thermal resorts, of which a large part are 5-star thermal hotels which give medical care with qualified personnel.

  • EggsAfyon is the sole leader in egg production within Turkey. It has the largest amount of laying hens, with a figure of 12,7 million. And produces a record amount of 6 million eggs per day


  • Cherries and sour cherries: Sour cherries are cultivated in Afyon in very large numbers, so much so that it became very iconic to Afyon. Every year, a sour cherry festival takes place in the Cay district. It is the largest producer of sour cherries in Turkey.


  • Marble: Afyonkarahisar produces an important chunk of Turkish processed marbles, it ranks second on processed marble exports and fourth on travertine. Afyon holds an important share of Turkish marble reserves, with some 12,2% of total Turkish reserves.
  • Pharmaceuticals and morphine: Almost a third of all the morphine produced in the world derives from alkaloids factory in Afyon, named as “Afyon Alkaloids”. this large capacity is the byproduct of Afyon’s poppy plantations.

Let's see the cuisine of Afyonkarahisar

  • Sucuk – the famed local speciality, a spicy beef sausage, eaten fried or grilled. The best-known brands include Cumhuriyet and Danet
  • ağzaçıkor bükme – filo-style pastry stuffed with cheese or lentils
  • keşkek- boiled wheat and chick peas stewed with meat
  • Local cream kaymak eaten with honey, with a bread pudding ekmek kadayıf, or with pumpkin simmered in syrup. Best eaten at the famous Ikbal restaurants (either the old one in the town centre or the big place on the main road).
  • Turkish delight.
  • helva – sweetened ground sesame


For more information about Afyonkarahisar


For more information, you may visit the official government website of Ayonkarahisar http://www.afyonkarahisar.gov.tr/



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