Summary Information About Adana

Adana is a major city in southern Turkey. The city is situated on the Seyhan River, 35 km (22 mi) inland from the north-eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea. It is the administrative seat of the Adana Province.

In the 21st century, Adana is a centre for regional trade, healthcare, and public and private services. Agriculture and logistics are significant sectors of the city. The economic decline caused by national policies and de-industrialization since the 1990s is reversing, as the city is gaining momentum with the fairs, festivals and entertainment life. The rivalry between the city’s football clubs, Adanaspor and Adana Demirspor, is getting an attraction as being a derby that is rooted in socio-economic divisions.




14030,00 km²










History of Adana

One of the oldest continuously inhabited settlements of the world and with a name unchanged for at least four millennia, Adana was a market town at the Cilicia plain and one of the gateways from Europe to the Middle East. The city turned into a powerhouse of Cilicia with the Turkic takeover of the city from the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia in 1359. It remained as the capital of the Ramadanid Emirate until 1608, and then the regional centre for the Ottoman Empire, Turkey and shortly for French Cilicia. The city boomed with the outbreak of the American Civil War in 1861 and emerged as a hub for the international cotton trade. Traditionally a town populated by Armenians and Turks; the influx of Assyrians, Greeks, Circassians, Jews and Alawites during this period made the city one of the most diverse cities of the Empire. Economic, social and cultural growth was halted by the Adana massacre, the Armenian genocide, and the 1921 Cilicia evacuation, all of which devastated the city in the early 20th century. After the eviction of the Christian community, most of the city’s private properties, value-wise, were confiscated in 1923 and were granted to the Muslim Turks who recently had migrated into the city. After a standstill period, the city’s economy again boomed in the 1950s with the construction of the Seyhan Dam, and the growth continued until the 1980s.

Districts of Adana

  • Aladag
  • Ceyhan
  • çukurova
  • Feke
  • Iİmamoğlu
  • Karaisalı
  • Karatas
  • Kozan
  • Pozanti
  • Saimbeyli
  • Sariçam
  • Seyhan
  • Tufanbeyli
  • Yumurtalik
  • Yuregir

Point of Interests in Adana

  • Taşköprüis the only remaining landmark from the Roman-Byzantine era, and few public buildings were built during Ottoman rule. Currently used by pedestrians and cyclists, it was the oldest bridge in the world to be open to motorized vehicles until 2007
  • Büyük Saat (The Great Clock Tower), built by the local governor of Adana in 1882, is the tallest clock tower in Turkey rising 32 m (104.99 ft) high. It was damaged during French occupation, but was rebuilt in 1935, and its image can be found in the city’s coat of arms. Kazancılar Çarşısı (Bazaar of Kazancilar), founded around the Büyük Saat.
  • Çarşı Hamam (Turkish bathof the Bazaar) was built in 1529 by Ramazanoğlu Piri Pasha and it is the largest hamam in Adana. It is built with five domes and the inside is covered with marble. During the time it was built, water was brought from Seyhan River by water wheels and canals
  • Irmak Hamam (Turkish bath of the River), located next to Seyhan District Hall, was built in 1494 by Ramazanoğlu Halil Bey on the ruins of an ancient Roman bath. Its water comes from the river. Other historical hamamsin the city are Mestenzade Bath and Yeni Bath.

Let's see the cuisine of Adana

  • Adana cuisine is influenced mainly by Yörük, Arabic and Armenian cuisine and the city has kept up its traditions. Spicy, sour and fatty dishes made of meat (usual lamb) and bulghur are common. Bulghur and flour are found in all Çukurova kitchens. In almost every home, red pepper, spices, tahini, a chopping block and a pastry board can be found. The bulghur used in cooking is specific to Adana, made from dark-coloured hard wheat species with a preferred flavour.
  • Adana Kebab, called “Kebap” locally, is a kebab made from minced meat. Since it can be found at all kebab restaurants in Turkey and at most Turkish restaurants around the world, the Adana name still suggests kebab to many people. Adana Kebab is the most popular dining choice in Adana, although foods from other cultures are becoming increasingly popular. Besides many kebab restaurants, there are also many kebabs serving vendors in the older streets of Adana.
  • Adana Kebab is usually served with onion salad, green salad or well-chopped tomato salad. Rakı and Şalgam usually accompany them as drinks. There are many varieties of salads typical to the city. Radish salad with tahini is popular and it is found only in the Çukurova region. Şalgam and pickle juice are the drinks of the winter and aşlama (licorice juice) is the choice of drink in summer.
  • One of the famous sweets of Turkey called “Sweet Sausage” originated from Adana. It was invented by Sir Duran O. during the First World War, around 1915 Seker Sucugu.
  • Vegetable dishes are also popular in the city. Besides tomato paste, pepper paste is used in almost every dish. The city is also famous for its Şırdan a kind of homemade sausage stuffed with rice, and eaten with cumin; paça, boiled sheep’s feet; Bici Bici (pronounced as bee-jee-bee-jee) made from jellied starch, rose water and sugar are served with crushed ice and consumed especially in the summertime. Furthermore, the city has a number of famous desserts, such as Halka Tatlı, a round-shaped dessert, and Taş Kadayıf, a bow-shaped dessert. Several types of fruit, including the apricot, are native to this area

For more information about Adana

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